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認定危機與自我呈現:聖嚴法師魅力型領導的心理傳記學探究=Identity Crisis and Self-Presentation: A Study of the Charismatic Leadership of Master Sheng-yen from the Perspective of Psychobiography
Author 黃奕偉 (著)=Huang, I-wei (au.)
Source 華人宗教研究 =Studies in Chinese Religions
Volumen.21
Date2023.01
Pages147 - 180
Publisher政治大學華人宗教研究中心
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為政治大學宗教研究所博士
Keyword認定危機=identity crisis; 魅力型領導=charismatic leader; 聖嚴法師=Master Sheng-Yen; 心理傳記學=psychobiography; 自我呈現=self-presentation
Abstract聖嚴法師以中國禪師和法鼓山創辦人的身分為人所知,是台灣佛教的代表性人物。本文以心理傳記學為方法,從心理社會發展角度觀察聖嚴法師的自我呈現,並將這些不同的自我形象與社會角色連結到他所展現的魅力型態。從窮人家的孩子到風雪中的行腳僧,聖嚴法師的自我呈現反映出其心理社會發展特性是:勤奮學習、以宗教經驗通過認定危機、以及以具備正當性的孤立型態來確立自已在人際關係上的位置。心理傳記對歷程與脈絡的強調,也讓魅力型領導的研究能夠將人格特質、社會脈絡與宗派傳統關聯起來。聖嚴法師的領導魅力結合了構成其生命主軸的學問僧形象、對應其禪師身分的神異僧形象以及作為法鼓山教團領導人風雨中行腳的苦行僧形象。這些多樣分歧的自我呈現既對應了特定的社會脈絡,也統整出足以因應全人生發展任務的核心自我,更成為聖嚴法師獨特的魅力來源。

Mountain, is a representative figure of Taiwanese Buddhism. By employing research methods of psychobiography, this article examines Master Sheng-Yen’s selfpresentations from the perspective of the psychosocial developmental process and connects these varying self-images and social roles to the charismatic representation he projects. From a child in a poor family to a wandering monk in the snow, Master Sheng-Yen presents himself in a way that reflects the characteristics of his psychosocial development: remaining diligent in his studies, overcoming an identity crisis through religious experience, and establishing his own position in interpersonal relationships through an independent mode of legitimacy. Psychobiography’s emphasis on history and context also allows us to link together the study of charismatic leadership with personality traits, social context, and sectarian traditions. Master Sheng-Yen’s charismatic leadership combines divergent images of monkhood: the scholar monk, constituted by the main axis of his life experiences; the miraculous monk, corresponding to his Chan identity; and the ascetic monk, serving as the leader of the Dharma Drum community who must traverse hardships. Because these diverse self-representations correspond to specific social contexts and also present a sufficiently unified core self that can respond to the development needs of a whole person, they have thus become a unique source of Master Sheng-Yen’s charisma.
ISSN23078456 (P)
Hits44
Created date2024.02.23
Modified date2024.02.23



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