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「心性之學」在教育上的運用 : 儒、道、佛義下的「生活世界」與其相關的「意義治療」=The Theory of Heart-Mind and Its Application to Education
Author 林安梧 (著)=Lin, An-wu (au.)
Source 新世紀宗教研究=New Century Religious Study
Volumev.1 n.4
Date2003.06
Pages27 - 61
Publisher世界宗教博物館發展基金會附設出版社
Location臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為台灣師範大學國文學系教授
Keyword心性=Heart mind; 意識=Consciousness; 空無=Emptiness; 道德=Morality; 場域=Field; 氣=Chi; 情=Emotion; 理=Reason; 治療=Therapy
Abstract本論文旨在闡明「儒、道、佛」三教所涵之心性義理,試圖如其生活世界,而做一展開運用,因之而豁顯其相關的意義治療學思維。
首先,筆者闡述撰寫《中國宗教與意義治療》的因緣,並藉此表達對於教育學、心理學之追求本土化的意願。之後,本文概括的指出儒家所重在「孝悌人倫、仁義為教、道德創生」,道家之所重在「尊道貴德、慈儉虛靜、自然無為」,佛家之所重在「悲智雙運、涅槃寂靜、緣起性空」。
進一步言之,儒家重在「仁」,著重人倫教化的落實,並開啟主體的自覺性,是「我,就在這裡」;道家重在「慈」,開啟自然天地的奧蘊,並點示場域的和諧性,是「我,歸返天地」;佛教重在「悲」,深化意識層次的分析,並廓清意識的透明性,是「我,當下空無」。
之後,本文對於心性之學所可能展開的心靈意識之詮釋做了大略之釐清,並因而對於「道、德、理、性、氣、情」及「志、意、心、念、識、欲」等做了話語的轉化,試圖呼籲本土心理學的輔導學之可能。

This paper aims at illustrating the ‘Heart-mind’ theory in Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism in the context of logo-therapy.
The author first gives a brief account on the therapeutic theories developed in Chinese Religions and Logo-therapy. He concludes that Confucianism emphasizes 'humanity', which is manifested in the ethical practice of each individual in society. Taoism emphasizes 'sympathy', which is manifested in the field of Heaven and Earth. Buddhism emphasizes 'compassion', which is a natural consequence of Buddhist analysis of consciousness. In sum, the subjectivity for Confucianism is 'I am here facing the world', for Taoism 'I am part of the totality of field', and for Buddhism 'I have no substance to cling to.'
Then the author tries to apply his insights of 'heart-mind' based on creative interpretations of Chinese classics to develop a therapeutic theory.
Table of contents壹、前言:從《中國宗教與意義治療》說起 30
貳、「心性之學」做為「儒」、「道」、「佛」的異同與融通 31
一、儒家:孝悌人倫、仁義為教、道德創生(仁)32
二、道家:尊道貴德、慈儉虛靜、自然無為(慈)37
三、佛家:悲智雙運、涅槃寂靜、緣起性空(悲)43
參、「儒、道、佛」與「意義治療」47
一、儒家提出人倫教化的落實,並強調主體的自覺性:「我,就在這裡。」47
二、道家開啟自然天地的奧蘊,並點示場域的和諧性:「我,歸返天地。」49
三、佛教深化了意識層次的分析,並廓清了意識的透明性:「我,當下空無。」50
肆、心性之學所可能展開的心靈意識詮釋 52
伍、結語:邁向本土心理學的輔導學之可能 57
ISSN16843738 (P)
Hits333
Created date2005.06.23
Modified date2020.01.09



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