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Paper Fowl and Wooden Fish: The Separation of Kami and Buddha Worship in Haguro Shugendō, 1869–1875.
Author Sekimori, Gaynor
Source Japanese Journal of Religious Studies
Volumev.32 n.2
Pages197 - 234
PublisherNanzan Institute for Religion and Culture=南山宗教文化研究所
Publisher Url
Location名古屋, 日本 [Nagoya, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteGaynor Sekimori is an Associate Professor in the Institute of Oriental Culture at The University of Tokyo.
KeywordShugendō; shinbutsu shūgō; shinbutsu bunri; Hagurosan; English Reformation; Nishikawa Sugao
AbstractIn 1868 the Meiji government enacted a series of laws, often called the “Separation
Orders,” which was to raise “Shinto” to the status of a state cult to embody
the ideals of the new order. This Shinto did not reflect even the practices of local
communities, let alone the contemporary religious matrix of kami-buddha
combination. Thus it was necessary to “clarify” what was and was not Shinto.
Shugendō shrine-temple complexes in particular were targeted for reform,
since Shugendō was predicated on kami-buddha combination. This paper
looks at how the “Separation Orders” affected the Shugendō of Hagurosan
institutionally, ritually, ideologically, and socially. Using insights gained from
recent “revisionist” scholarship concerning the English Reformation(s), it
examines how change that was not demanded or welcomed locally was able to
occur. An important source for evidence is the unpublished Diary of the first
head of the reconstructed shrine, Nishikawa Sugao.
ISSN03041042 (P)
Created date2006.04.28
Modified date2017.08.29

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