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晉唐時期海路交通中往來佛僧的群體考察=An Overview on Sea Route Buddhist Missionary Activities during Jing to Tang Dynasty
Author 何方耀 (著)=He, Fang-yao (au.)
Source 普門學報=Universal Gate Buddhist Journal
Volumen.32
Date2006.03.01
Pages115 - 176
Publisher佛光山文教基金會=Fo Guang Shan Foundation for Buddhist Culture & Education
Publisher Url https://www.fgs.org.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword佛僧; 求法; 傳教; 文化交流; 海路; 群體
Abstract西方僧伽東來傳教和中國僧眾西行求法乃晉唐時期中、印佛教文化交流的兩種形式,其所行路線不外海、陸兩途。對於海路佛教僧人之研究,前輩時賢論述頗多,然作群體考察之專門文章,似未之見。故本文在前賢研究基礎之上,搜討舊籍,勾沈索隱,將晉唐五百年間往來於海路之中、外佛僧按年代先後分類列表,進行群體考察,就其整體變化情況、東來傳教僧眾與西行求法華僧之群體比較、海路來華西僧國屬構成之特點、西行求法僧之存亡去留情況、西行求法僧之籍貫、西行求法之域外僧人等六個方面進行考察,縱向探究其消長變化軌跡,橫向剖析其整體結構狀況,藉以考察其在中、印文化交流中的地位和作用。本文結語認為:(一)西行求法乃東來傳教之結果,其中,中國佛門強烈的邊地意識形成壯大的西行弘法運動,有別於其他外來宗教在華傳播的結果;(二)就陸路求法與海路求法比較觀之,隸籍濱海與海路求法無必然之聯繫;(三)就時代之變化觀之,七、八世紀,南海道成為僧人赴印之首選,為海路求法活動最盛之時,這反映了唐代海上貿易繁榮,也暗示了佛教傳播活動與商貿活動有著內在的互動關係;(四)從整體上看,海路傳教求法活動與陸路有所關聯,但其間並不存在明顯的消長關係,
而是與整個佛教傳播活動的興衰有明顯的內在關係。
ISSN1609476X (P)
Hits1989
Created date2006.08.23
Modified date2017.12.04



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