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A Tree in the West: Competing Tathāgatagarbha Theories in Tibet=西方之樹 -- 西藏如來藏理論之爭
Author Magee, William (著)=馬紀 (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Pages445 - 511
Publisher中華佛學研究所=Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
KeywordTibet=西藏; tathāgatagarbha=如來藏; Buddha matrix=佛心; Other Emptiness=他空; Jo-nang=覺囊派; Ge-luk=格魯派; zong-ka-ba=宗喀巴; hay-rap-gyel-tsen=喜饒堅贊; Middle Way School=中觀宗; Mind-only School=唯識宗; mind-basis-of-all=阿賴耶識
AbstractIn this paper, historical materials are employed to point the reader toward scriptural sources for the tathāgatagarbha traditions of India and Tibet, including their relationship with theories of the mind-basis-of-all (kun gzhi rnam shes, ālayavijñāna). In addition, three primary tathāgatagarbha traditions in Tibet are described and compared: those of the Jo-nang-bas following Dol-bo-baShay-rap-gyel-tsen (dol bo pa shes rab rgyal mtshan, 1292-1361), the Sa-gyas following Bu-don(bu ston, 1290-1364), and the Ge-luk-don following Dzong-ka-ba(tsong kha pa, 1357-1419). Doctrines concerning the basic constituent (khams, dhātu) and three buddha bodies are examined insofar as these doctrines shed light on theories of tathāgatagarbha. Since ‚Dzong-ka-ba extensively refuted the Jo-nang position─often called Other Emptiness (gzhan stong)─in his Treatise Differentiating Interpretable and Definitive Meanings: The Essence of Eloquence (drang ba dang nges pa’i don rnam par phye ba’i bstan bcos legs bshad snying po) and other works on the philosophical view of emptiness, this paper examines ‚Dzong-ka-ba's discussion and critique of the Jo-nang Other Emptiness. Ten specific criticisms of Other Emptiness made by ‚Dzong-ka-ba and his followers are compared with presentations of Other Emptiness by Jo-nang authors. Two Jo-nang texts recently translated by Professor Jeffrey Hopkins are employed in this comparison: Dol-bo-baShay-rap-gyel-tsen’s Mountain Doctrine, Ocean of Definitive Meanings (ri chos nges don rgya mtsho) and Tāranātha’s Essence of Other Emptiness (gzhan stong snying po). These comparisons show that ‚Dzong-ka-ba critique does not always accurately reflect the Jo-nang philosophical view.

而後者就是Jeffrey Hopkins近來譯出的兩部覺囊派文獻:堆波巴.喜饒堅贊之《山法.了義海》與多羅那他的《他空心要》。這些比較顯示出宗喀巴的批判並沒有完全準確地反映覺囊派的見解。
ISSN10177132 (P)
Created date2006.12.08
Modified date2017.06.20

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