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天台止觀的「持息念」法門及其在天台佛教中的演變與轉化=Anāpāna-smrti in Tiantai Meditation and its Development and Transformation in Tiantai Buddhism
Author 賴賢宗 (著)=Lai, Shen-chon (au.)
Source 中華佛學學報=Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies
Pages139 - 172
Publisher中華佛學研究所=Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword釋禪波羅蜜次第法門; 持息念; 天台止觀
Abstract天台智顗對於印度禪法的「持息念」(ānāpāna-sm?ti, ānāpāna-sati)加以吸收,成為天台止觀的重要成分。《釋禪波羅蜜次第法門》之中的次第止觀的對此一禪法的相關說明,是對於從印度傳來的「持息念」禪法的整理和消化,在《六妙門》、《小止觀》,最後到《摩訶止觀》,智顗對於「持息念」禪法的整理和消化又逐步演化成更帶有中國的心性論、體用論色彩的天台佛教的不定止觀和圓頓止觀。從《釋禪波羅蜜次第法門》到《六妙門》再到《小止觀》、《摩訶止觀》,此中的「持息念」法門的不同層次的闡明之演化過程,是值得研究的課題。本文對此加以研究。

Zhiyi absorbs ānāpāna-smṛti (breathing meditation) from Indian Buddhism and
reconstructs it to become an important element in his three types of meditation.
Firstly, Zhiyi’s Stages of Meditative Perfection (T 46, no. 1916) presents ānāpānasṁṛti
as being of Indian origin but is reconstructed to adapt with Zhiyi’s system.
Secondly, ānāpāna-smṛti is gradually transformed into Tiantai Buddhism style in
his Six Profound Methods (T 46, no. 1917) and Minor Meditation (T 46, no. 1915),
which means that it presupposes the Tiantai theory of three contemplations (guan)
in one mind and the Chinese concepts of Mind, Nature, Substance and Function.
Finally ānāpāna-smṛti is one part of the dhyāna method of Zhiyi’s Mohe zhihguan,
but its exposition of ānāpāna-smṛti here is already taken under the principle of
perfect and sudden meditation. My article examines this process of transformation
of the practice of ānāpāna-smṛti in Zhiyi’s different texts.
Table of contents一、導論 141
二、天台次第止觀的「息為禪門」與「亦有漏亦無漏禪」 142
三、天台智顗的不定止觀的持息念 152
四、《小止觀》的持息念 161
五、天台圓頓止觀所涉及的持息念 166
六、結論 169
ISSN10177132 (P)
Created date2007.09.05
Modified date2017.06.20

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