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重構十一至十四世紀的西域佛教史 -- 基於俄藏黑水城漢文佛教文書的探討=Reconstructing the History of Buddhism in Central Eurasia (11th-14th Centuries): An Interdisciplinary and Multilingual Approach to Khara Khoto Chinese Buddhist Texts
Author 沈衛榮 (著)=Shen, Wei-rong (au.)
Source 歷史研究=Historical Research
Volumen.5
Date2006
Pages23 - 34 + 189 - 190
Publisher中國社會科學院
Publisher Url http://www.cass.net.cn/
Location北京, 中國 [Beijing, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:中國人民大學國學院
Keyword黑水城文獻; 回鶻文書; 西域佛教史; 藏傳密教
Abstract俄藏黑水城漢文文獻中有過去完全被人忽略的藏傳密教文獻,將其與回鶻、西夏、蒙古文中的佛教文獻相比較,則可重構11-14世紀西域佛教史。黑水城漢文佛教文書中最有價值的部分是多部不見於現存各種漢文《大藏經》中的重要佛經,以及西夏和元朝時期翻譯、流通的藏傳密教儀軌手寫本,這是迄今所見最早的漢譯藏傳佛教文獻。新發現材料表明,從高昌回鶻到西夏和蒙古時代,西域依然扮演著東西文明之熔爐這樣一個角色,11-14世紀西域地區之佛教歷史一脈相承,在高昌回鶻、西夏和蒙古的宗教信仰中均占主導地位的既不是漢傳佛教,也不是印度佛教,而是藏傳密教。

This paper aims to show how an interdisciplinary and multilingual approach to Khara Khoto Chinese Buddhist texts reveals a great number of religious-historical sources and sheds new light on the history of Buddhism in Central Eurasia from the 11th to 14th centuries. It gives an overview of the main content of Khara Khoto Chinese Buddhist texts and discusses their relation to the Turfan Uigurica preserved today in Berlin, Germany and Khara Khoto Tangut Buddhist texts. This study testifies that Central Eurasia was still playing its traditional role as a melting pot of Eastern and Western religious traditions between the 11th and 14 centuries and that it was neither Chinese nor Indian Buddhism, but Tibetan tantric Buddhism that dominated the religious faith of the various peoples of Central Eurasia during this time period. It emphasizes that a comparative study of Turf an Uigurica with corresponding Tangut, Chinese, Tibetan and Mongolian texts found in the Khara Khoto collection is not only essential for reconst ructing the history of Buddhism in Central Eurasia, but also for ensuring the success of linguistic and philological studies of the Turf an Uigurica and Khara Khoto Tangut Buddhist texts.
Table of contents一、十一至十四世紀之西域佛教史何以需要重構 24
二、重新發現黑水城文書 25
三、黑水城漢文佛教文書的主要內容及其價值 27
四、重構十一至十四世紀的西域佛教史 29
五、跨學科、多語言方法處理黑水城文獻之文獻學意義 33
ISSN04591909 (P)
Hits655
Created date2008.07.10
Modified date2020.06.03



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