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The Buddhist "Monastery" and the Indian Garden: Aesthetics, Assimilations, and the Siting of Monastic Establishments
Author Schopen, Gregory
Source Journal of the American Oriental Society
Volumev.126 n.4
Pages487 - 505
PublisherAmerican Oriental Society
Publisher Url
LocationAnn Arbor, MI, US [安娜堡, 密西根州, 美國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword比丘=Buddhist Monk=Bhiksu=Bhikkhu; 佛教人物=Buddhist
AbstractThe article focuses on the vocabulary used to refer to early Buddhist establishments in India. Buddhist monks, in both texts and inscriptions, refer to their monasteries or cloisters as vihāras or ārāmas. The term vihāra in Classical Sanskrit meant walking or touring for pleasure, while ārāma would have referred to as a place of pleasure or garden. According to professor Daud Ali, in the first serious discussion of gardens in early India, the most prominent architectural structures in gardens were the mandapa nikuñja, which could take the form of a clump of trees which formed an enclosure.
ISSN00030279 (P); 21692289 (E)
Created date2008.07.29
Modified date2019.10.24

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