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佛教傳記文學研究方法的建構 -- 從敘事的角度解讀高僧傳記=The Construction of Research Method in Biographical Literature of Buddhism: From the Narrative angle to interpret the Hagiography of the Eminent Monk
Author 黃敬家 (著)=Huang, Jing-jia (au.)
Source 世界宗教學刊=Journal of World Religions
Volumen.10
Date2007.12.01
Pages99 - 138
Publisher南華大學宗教學研究所
Publisher Url https://rel3.nhu.edu.tw/
Location嘉義縣, 臺灣 [Chia-i hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為國立台東大學華語文學系助理教授
Keyword敘事=Narrative; 研究方法=Research method; 宋高僧傳=Song Gaoseng Zhuan; 贊寧=Zanning; 佛教文學=Buddhist literature
Abstract高僧傳記結合了佛教、歷史和文學三方面元素,由高僧的宗教實踐歷程,提供一個足以垂範後世的修行典範。然而,作者運用對史料的揀擇和改寫來建構高僧的典型形象,其創作的背後往往承載作為僧史身份的宗教使命。敘事本身是一個包含主觀成分的解釋活動,敘事者觀看傳主的角度、敘述的方式、介入故事的程度,及其與讀者的關係位置等,都將影響傳主的形象塑造。因此,本文根據僧傳的多重特質,檢討以往僧傳研究以史料考證為主的侷限性,嘗試提出從敘事的角度來研究僧傳的可行性,並以《宋高僧傳‧慧昭傳》為例,尋繹高僧是如何被形塑出來,以及作者透由塑造高僧典範所欲傳達的宗教意義,以期建構佛教傳記的解讀基模,拓展增傳的研究路徑和文本價值,重新來審視中國歷代僧傳傳統的發展脈絡。

Hagiography of the eminent monk is a combination of Buddhism, history and literature, based on the eminent monk's practice of his religious belief, to offer a great moral example for the followers. However, the author based on selected historical materials and adaption to build up a typical figure of an eminent monk, behind the creation there often carried the religious mission of the Buddhist monk. Narratives itself is a subjective interpretation activity, the narrator's viewpoints towards the main character of the biography, the way of narrating and the degree of involvement to the story, as well as the relative position with the readers, are all contributing to the image of the main character of the biography. Therefore, this article is based on the multiple properties of the Buddhist monk's biographies, to review on the limitation of the previous Buddhist monk's biographies that was mainly based on textual research of historical materials, and try to figure out the possibility of study Buddhist monk's biographies by narrative methods. Take "Song Gaoseng Zhuan" as an example, to find out how eminent monk's image was built and what the religious meaning was behind the eminent monk's moral practice. The purpose is to set up a basic interpretation foundation of Buddhist monk's biography, and so as to extend the different research ways on the Buddhist monk's biography and the value or the text, and to examine the development and progress of the traditional Chinese Buddhist monk's biographies of all the past dynasties.
Table of contents一、前言 100
二、現有僧傳研究面向的檢討 100
(一)關於僧傳的發展與佛教史研究 101
(二)關於個別僧傳的考證 103
(三)關於僧傳的史觀研究 104
三、高僧傳記的文類特質 106
四、僧傳解讀進路的嘗試──敘事學的角度 112
五、僧傳文本敘事分析的操作:《宋高僧傳‧慧昭傳》為例 121
六、結語 131
主要參考文獻 133
ISSN1728645X (P)
Hits1319
Created date2009.10.16
Modified date2017.11.07



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