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試論黃蘗禪師「傳心法要」的成立史及其意義
Author 莊崑木
Source 國際佛學研究=The Annual of International Buddhistic Studies
Volumen.2
Date1992.12
Pages28 - 48
Publisher靈鷲山般若文教基金會國際佛學研究中心
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword禪宗=Zen Buddhism=Zazen Buddhism; 黃蘗; 宗密; 裴休; 洪州禪; 傳法心要
Abstract圭峰宗密 (740 ~ 841) 位尊華嚴五祖,然其於禪宗禪法
之修持及文獻之整理,厥為唐代第一之人物. 法脈承自荷澤
而立為正宗,貶抑批評馬祖之江西洪州系等荷澤以外的禪法.
而裴休為宗密摯友卻於晚年歸心於洪州百丈下的黃蘗希運.
這轉變由裴休集序的《傳心法要》及《宛陵錄》為明證,
正顯示洪州禪不可抑遏的發展及荷澤系的沒落. 本文立足於
冉雲華教授《宗密》及鎌田茂雄教授《宗密教學の思想史的
研究》二書的宗密研究上,透過裴休的《傳心法要序》來探
討黃蘗禪法的歷史意義. 黃蘗的研究中,日本入矢義高和柳
田聖山是近來的代表,但他們的成果相當有限,不僅只停
留在譯註和歷史文獻的範圍,且像柳田先生竟不知崇寧藏
是最先收錄《傳心法要》及《宛陵錄》的藏經,本文依據蔡
運辰先生的《二十五種藏經目錄對照考釋》,得以正此謬誤,
也因此而重新考察《傳心法要》的成立史及其可靠性與意義.
黃蘗的相關資料相當多,本文的探討,只是做點鋪路的工作
而已,期望能拋磚引玉,將來有更完整的黃蘗研究出現.

Tsung-mi (Kuei-feng,740-841),the fifth
Patriarch of Hua-yen school,is the most important
figure in T'ang dynasty for his self-cultivation
within Ch'an and his work of documentary
arrangement. His robe comes from Shen-hui (670-762),
so that he belittles another faction--Hung-chou
which robe does not come from Shen-hui. While
P'ei-shiou,who is Tsung-mi's best friend,converts
in his old age to Huang-po's Ch'an which belongs to
Hung-chou's faction. Why did P'ei-Hsiu make this
conversion? His editions of The Zen Teaching of
Huang on the transmission of mind and Discourses of
Warn-Ling give us the answer:Hung-chou's faction
prevails for a time and Shen-hui's is on the wane.

Based on Jan,Yung-Hua's Tsung-mi and Kamate
Sige's Study on the History of Thought of Tsung-mi's
Teaching,my article will seek the historical
meaning of Huang-po's Ch'an through Pei-shiou's
preface of above editions. There are two Japanese
scholars (Iriya Yositaka and Yanagida Seizan),whose
achievements stand for the recent study of Huang-po.
But they are limited in the domain of translation,
annotation of text and philology. For example,
Yanagida even ignores the fact that the above
edition is collected initially in Chorng-Ning-Tzang.
Here I proofread and correct the "The Zen Teaching
of Huang Po on the transmission of mind." According
to Tsay Yunn-Chern's The Parallel Study on the
Bibliographies of Twenty Five Pitakas, and
reconsider its history of text-formation,find out
the fact and meaning. I hope that my article will
show the correct way of study of Huang-po's Ch'an.
Hits613
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2023.11.14



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