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Author 林朝成
Source 國際佛學研究=The Annual of International Buddhistic Studies
Pages177 - 200
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword佛教美學; 佛教藝術=Buddhist Art; 宗炳; 暢神說; 慧遠; 禪宗
Abstract宗炳山水美學奠基在「神」的概念上. 人物的傳神,較
暢神」呢? 「暢神」說的提出,代表著「神」的概念須經

佛教思想與信仰. 這是因他們未了解慧遠自然觀對宗炳深
自然」的世俗流轉,一者指「法身感應」的佛本懷. <佛影
銘> 把整個山河大地都看作是佛無所不在「神明」的體現,
因此自然山水的美也就具了一種和佛相聯的精神意義. 宗
炳 <畫山水序> 正是承續慧遠這種自然觀,表現於其觀物的
玄學與審美三方面的趣味. 而就佛家美學來說,它不只遠早

Chung Pen's landscape esthetics is based on
the concept of [charm]. Avivid portrayal of human
figures can be easier to comprehend,for human being
possesses facial expression. However,how can
landscape possess "Charm"? How can it be Possible to
clear its "Charm"?

The theory of "Clearing Charm",representing
the concept of "Charm",must go through the breaking
through and variation of quality. Doing serious
thinking to the theory is the important key to
comprehend the Chinese painting esthetics.

Scholars, for the most part,expound the
theory of "Clearing Charm",form the viewpoint of
metaphysics, thinking of it as the product of times
from the study of Chuang-Chou,Neglecting the Ideas
And Beliefs of Buddhism in it. This is due to their
failure to understand the profound influence of Huei
Yuan's view on Nature on Chung Pen.

Huei Yuan's view on Nature takes induction as
theory. Induction has two meanings; one refers to
the vulgar transmission of "Retribution for Nature",
and the other "Dharmakaya Induction. Inscription of
Shadow of Buddha" regards the good earth of
mountains and rivers as the embodiment of the gods,
which is believed to be present everywhere.
Therefore the beauty of natural scenery,too,
possesses a spiritual meaning related to Buddha.
Chung Pen's Preface to Painting Landscape exactly
aucceeds to Huei Yuan's outlook on nature,expressed
in ways of observing things, and requiring that
painting esthetics must come to reach the effects of
portraying the charm of landscape.

This article starts from this way,the theory
of "Clearing Charm",which actually contains the fun
of religion,metaphysics and estheticism. In view of
Buddhist esthetics, the theory of "Clearing Charm",
founded in the fifth century,is not only far
earlier than esthetics of the Zen sect of Buddhism,
but also appropriate to the ultimate concern of
dharmakaya, infusing the ideas of Buddhism into
Chinese landscape painting. Its importance is well
worth our appreciation and elaboration.
Created date1998.07.22
Modified date2018.01.23

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