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A Review of Scholarship on the Buddhist Councils
Author Prebish, Charles S.
Source The Journal of Asian Studies
Volumev.33 n.2
Pages239 - 254
PublisherAssociation for Asian Studies
Publisher Url
LocationAnn Arbor, MI, US [安娜堡, 密西根州, 美國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
KeywordBuddhist Council
AbstractLiterature devoted to the place of councils in Buddhism is varied in both content and approach. Consequently, what emerges from the rather imposing corpus of research on this nebulous topic provides a thoroughly incomplete and insufficient delineation of the major issues critical to such an enterprise. It is possible, however, by a careful study of the sources, to capsulize a more complete and authoritative picture of this earliest period of Buddhist history. Utilizing the research of La Vallee Poussin, R. O. Franke, Jean Przyluski, M. Hofinger, Paul Demieville, Andre Bareau, and Nalinaksha Dutt, as well as the primary texts, it becomes apparent that while the first council (at Rajagrha) is almost certainly not a historic event, the second council (at Vaisali) and the third (at Pataliputra) have a firm historical basis. Further, one finds evidence for the supposition that a "second" second council was held (at Pataliputra, under the Nandin ruler Mahapadma) shortly after the Vaisali council. It is likely that the Buddhist sectarian movement begins at this "second" second council with the separation of the Sthaviras and Mahasamghikas, rather than, as traditionally accepted, at the Vaisali council. From this foundation, the obstacles to understanding both the development of Vinaya and the early history of Buddhist thought are considerably diminished.
Table of contentsThe First Council: Rajagrha 240
The Second Council: I. Vaisali 246
The Second Council: II. Pataliputra 251
The Third Council: Pataliputra 253
ISSN00219118 (P); 17520401 (E)
Created date1998.04.28
Modified date2020.03.18

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