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從《人間覺半月刊》看近代中國佛教對基督宗教的回應=Modern Chinese Buddhist Response to Christianity: A Study of "Jen Chien Chueh (bimonthly magazine)"
Author 何建明 (著)=He, Jian-ming (au.) ; 賴品超 (著)=Lai, Pan-chiu (au.)
Source 輔仁宗教研究=Fujen Religious Studies
Volumen.4
Date2001.12
Pages63 - 85
Publisher輔仁大學法學院宗教學系
Publisher Url http://www.rsd.fju.edu.tw/
Location臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note何建明:華中師範大學歷史研究所
賴品超:香港中文大學
Keyword基督宗教=Christianity; 人間覺半月刊; 回應=Response; 近現代中國=Modem China; Buddhism
Abstract《人間覺半月刊》是二十世紀三十年代,由中國佛教會廈門分會所創辦的刊物。在1937年的第二卷第十期,刊登了多篇回應基督教的文章,對了解佛教與基督教在近代中國的互動提供了重要的素材。《人間覺半月刊》對來自基督教之挑戰的回應,有以下幾個重點:
1. 從佛教的因緣觀出發,否定基督教的上帝觀念,並又質疑耶穌的歷史真實性,批評基督教教義的自相矛盾性。
2. 駁斥基督徒將佛教看作是消極避世的迷信宗教的誤解,強調大乘佛教的積極救世精神,堅決維護佛教的優勝性。
3. 糾正基督徒對佛教的曲解,批駁他們對基督教的佛化闡釋及其對佛教的貶損.並揭示佛教與基督教在教義方面的根本分歧,防止佛教基督教化。
4. 從宗教文化發展大勢和社會發展的現實需要出發,檢討中國佛教晚近的衰落和自身存在的積弊與時病,積極肯定基督教在教義和傳教與開展社會服務等方面所存在著的優勢與經驗,自覺地為中國佛教的革新與復興尋找借鑑。
《中國覺半月刊》所反映的,不僅是東西宗教文化的差異與衝突,也反映了中國佛教的一些知識份子,如何在回應基督教東漸所引起的種種挑戰中,一方面契理契機地維護佛教的獨立形象與身分認同,另一方面也嘗試適應時代發展的需要。

"Jen Chien Chueh" was a popular Buddhist magazine launched in the 1930s. In its Vol.2, No.10 (1937),it published many articles giving critical responses to Christianity. These articles provided valuable primary sources for the study of the modem Chinese Buddhist response to Christianity. Through a study of these articles, the present article attempts to indicate that the modem Chinese Buddhist response to Christianity consists of several aspects:
1.At the doctrinal level, Chinese Buddhists challenged the coherence of Christian doctrines and the historical authenticity of the account of Jesus.
2.From the standpoint of Mahayana Buddhism, Chinese Buddhists attempted to rebuke the criticism made by Christians concerning Buddhist escapism and to reaffirm the Bodhisattva spirit and thus the superiority of Buddhism.
3.Through clarifying basic Buddhist beliefs and rectifying the misrepresentation of Buddhist doctrines made by Christian intellectuals, Chinese Buddhists refuted the Christian attempt to Buddhisticize Christianity in order to Christianize Buddhism.
4.At the level of practice, Chinese Buddhists acknowledged their shortcomings in missionary activities and social services and attempted to learn from Christianity.
These responses highlight not only the fundamental differences between Chinese and Western culture, but also the Buddhist attempts to stand firm on their tradition on the one hand and to revive Buddhism in modern China on the other hand.
ISSN16820568 (P); 16820568 (E)
Hits305
Created date2003.10.31
Modified date2019.12.12



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