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"Zen Is Not Buddhism"--Recent Japanese Critiques of Buddha Nature
Author Swanson, Paul Loren
Source Numen: International Review for the History of Religions
Volumev.40 n.2
Pages115 - 149
Publisher Url
LocationLeiden, the Netherlands [萊登, 荷蘭]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
KeywordCritical Buddhism, Dhatuvada, Zen, Hongaku Shiso,; Original enlightenment
AbstractHongaku shiso,the idea that all beings are "inherently"
or "originally" enlightened,is an almost universal
assumption in the Japanese Buddhist tradition. This
idea also played an important role in the
indigenization of Buddhism in Japan and in the
development of the syncretistic religious ethos that
underlies Japanese society. Through most of Japanese
history,the idea of the inherent enlightenment
(including non-sentient beings such as plants and
rocks, and expanded to include assumptions such as the
non-differentiation between "indigenous" kami and the
Buddhas and bodhisattvas, and the transcendence of all
dualities (including good and evil) as an ideal--was
pervasive and unquestioned in much of Japanese
religious activity and thought. Recently some Japanese
Buddhist scholars, notably Hakamaya Noriaki and
Matsumoto Shiro of the Soto Zen sect Komazawa
University,have questioned the legitimacy of this
ethos, claiming that it is antithetical to basic
Buddhist ideas such as anatman (no-self),and that it
is the source of many social problems in Japan. They
call for a conscious recognition and rejection of this
ethos, and a return to "true Buddhism." After
presenting a brief outline of the history and
significance of these ideas in Japan,Hakamaya and
Matsumoto's critique is explained and examined. Some of
the academic and social reactions to this critique are
also explored.
ISSN00295973 (P); 15685276 (E)
Created date1998.04.28
Modified date2019.11.25

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