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The Mimamsa Definition of Pramana as a Source of New Information
Author Kataoka, Kei
Source Journal of Indian Philosophy
Volumev.31 n.1-3
Pages89 - 103
Publisher Url
LocationBerlin, Germany [柏林, 德國]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword印度佛教=Indian Buddhism; 法稱=Dharmakirti
AbstractKATSURA (1984),discussing Dharmakirti’s theory of truth, contrasts two points of view as relevant for Dharmakirti’s criteria of pramaoa, namely,‘pragmatic’ and ‘epistemological’ ones. As for the former,‘pragmatic’ point of view,besides Dharmakirti’s first definition pramaoam avisaovadi jnanam,KATSURA (1984:224) comments on the second definition ajnatartha-praka.o va as follows:
Furthermore,according to Dharmakirti,the object of pramaoa should be something new. This idea is probably derived from a sort of common sense belief that knowledge is meaningless unless it contains some new information. … The definition of pramaoa so far discussed can be called ‘the pragmatic criterion of pramaoa’ of Dharmakirti.
Besides ‘epistemological’ correspondence with an object,being a source of new information is an important characteristic of pramaoa, not only for Dharmakirti,but also for Kumarila, 1 a contemporary Mimaosaka, probably a bit senior to Dharmakirti,as FRAUWALLNER (1962) suggests. In fact this has been so in the Mimaosa tradition even before Kumarila, while in the Buddhist tradition this characteristic is not found before Dharmakirti.
It is therefore necessary to reconsider what the origin of this idea may have been,and to examine whether Dharmakirti may have borrowed it from the Mimaosa. This paper will attempt to shed light on these questions mainly by examining the historical and theoretical development of the idea within the Mimaosa tradition.
Table of contentsIntroduction 89
Hermeneutical background The concept of novelty in the Jaimini-sûtra 89
Œabara’s understanding of novelty 90
Presupposition of the sûtras 92
Extension of the novelty by the Våtti-kâra 92
The idea behind the Våtti-kâra’s definition of upamâna 93
Kumârila’s clarification of the structure of upamâna 94
The notion of novelty in the definition of pramâòa 95
Kumârila’s definition of pramâòa in the Båhaþ-þîkâ 96
The notion of novelty in the Mîmâôsâ tradition 96
Implication of Dharmakîrti’s introducing novelty 97
Conclusion 98
ISSN00221791 (P); 15730395 (E)
Created date2003.12.31
Modified date2019.08.21

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