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從印度佛教傳入中國看兩種文化的衝突和融合=Inter-Cultural Conflict and Harmony Seen in Light of the Introduction of India's Buddhism into China
Author 湯一介 (著)=Tang, Yi-jie (au.)
Source 深圳大學學報 (人文社會科學版)=Journal of Shenzhen University (Humanities & Social Sciences)
Volumen.3
Date1985
Pages80 - 86
Publisher深圳大學
Publisher Url http://www.szu.edu.cn/szu2007/
Location深圳, 中國 [Shenzhen, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:深圳大學國學研究所
Keyword佛教傳入; 華嚴宗; 賢首宗; 印度佛教; 中國傳統思想文化; 般若學; 佛教教派; 禪宗; 兩種文化
Abstract中國歷史上有三次大規模的外來文化的傳入:第一次是公元一世紀到九世紀印度佛教的傳入,第二次是明中葉到清初西方自然科學的傳入,第三次是鴉片戰爭以後西方文化的全面傳播,特別是五四運動時期馬克思主義的傳入。外來文化的衝擊必然引起,傳統文化結構的震蕩和改變,這兩者之間有一個相互矛盾、衝突、融合、吸收的長期而復雜的過程。本文考察了印度佛教傳入中國後「比附」、「衝突」、「融合」三個階段,探討了中國文化開放型的特點。「前事不忘,後世之師」,從這一歷史過程中我們也許能吸收一些對中國現代化進程有教益的東西。

The history of China has recorded three major foreign cultural inflows, among which the introduction of India's Buddhism into China (1-9 cent. A. D.) is the first. The second inflow is that of the Western natural sciences dating from mid-Ming Dynasty to early Qing Dynasty. And the latest one is the all-round inflow of Western culture following the Opium War, culminating in the introduction of Marxism-Leninism into China during the May Fourth Movement.
The foreign culture pounded at China's traditional cultural structure and caused inevitable Shockwaves and changes. The two cultures have undergone a long and complicated process of mutually contradicting, conflicting, harmonizing, and inter-assimilation. This paper is an investigation into the three phases experienced by India's Buddhism in China, that is, "imitating","conflicting", and "harmonizing". And in this light the paper expounds the "open" nature of China's culture. Recalling the past can enlighten the future. The above-discussed history might render some enlightenment for China's on-going cause of modernization.
Table of contents一、印度佛教傳入中國,開始時依附於中國原有文化,而得以流傳,並發生影響。 81
二、印度佛教在東晉以後的廣泛傳播,而引起了中國傳統文化與外來印度文化的矛盾和衝突,並在矛盾衝突中推進了中國文化的發展。 82
三、印度佛教在隋唐以後為中國文化所吸收,首先出現了中國化佛教宗派,至宋佛教則為中傳統文化所融化,形成了宋明理學,即新儒家學說。 83
ISSN1000260X (P)
Hits89
Created date1998.04.28
Modified date2020.04.17



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