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從天台判教的立場試論 : 法藏《五教章中對法華的批判》=Fa-tsang's Critique on the Lotus Sutra Contained in His Treatise on the Five Teachings : A Discussion from the Viewpoint of T'ien-t'ai Doxology
Author 莊崑木=Chuang, Kun-mu
Source 法光學壇=Dharma Light Lyceum
Pages93 - 103
Publisher法光佛教文化研究所=Fa-kuang Institute of Buddhist Studies
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword智顗=智者大師=天台大師; 教相判釋=教判=判教=classification of Buddhist teachings=classification of Buddhism Sects; 法藏=Dharma-store; 妙法蓮華經=法華經=The Lotus Sutra=Saddharma-pundarika Sutra; 一佛乘=一乘=ekayana
Abstract法藏大師在《五教章》中力闡別教一乘無盡華嚴的教義,可是他建立別教一乘時,主的基礎卻是法華同教一乘,借用天台法華的地方相當多. 但《五教章》中對天台圓教中的法華經並未給予合理的定位,只是一筆帶過而己. 而相形之下,天台藏通別圓四教中,給予了華嚴明確的
位置 -- 「別教」. 因此智者大師在判教上可以說是比較嚴密而完整的,反觀法藏,其年代雖在智者大師後,但未予天台判教合理的融攝,讓法華無法合理地歸到華嚴五教中,顯出示出法藏判教系統的缺陷. 本文主是透過《五教章》提到法華及天台的地方,逐一檢討法藏的立論.

Fa-tsang spent much energy on propagating the Special Teaching of the One Vehicle, the boundless Hua-yen Sutra, in his Treatise on the Five Teachings. He established the Special Teaching of the One Vehicle mainly on the basis of the Common Teaching of the One Vehicle of the Lotus Sutra availing himself frequently of T'ien-t'ai and Lotus Sutra concepts. Nevertheless, in his Treatise on the Five Teachings Fa-tsang mentioned the Lotus Sutra, which belongs to the Perfect Teaching of the T'ien-t'a passing and failed to provide it with a reasonable position. Compared with this treatment, the T'ien-t'ai system of the Four Teachings assigns a clear role to the Hua-yen Sutra, to wit the Special Teaching. Thus it can be said that Chih-yi's doxology is stricter and more complete. Though Fa-tsang lived later, he did not incorporate T'ien-t'ai in a reasonable manner into his doxology. It is a deficiency of Fa-tsang's system that the Lotus Sutra could not find a proper place therein. The present paper discus ses Fa-tsang's attitude mainly by studying all the
sections in the Treatise on the Five Teachings in which the Lotus Sutra and T'ien-t'ai are mentioned.
Created date1999.01.14
Modified date2017.08.23

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