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佛教僧侶的工作=The Task of the Buddhist Missionary
Author 達摩難陀法師 (著)=K. Sri Dhammananda (au.)
Source 中華國際佛學會議實錄(第3屆):人間淨土與現代社會: = The Record of Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism(3rd): The "Earthly" Pure Land and Contemporary Society
Publisher法鼓文化出版社=Dharma Drum Culture
Publisher Url
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Keyword傳教; 儀式; 禮拜; 偏袒; 西化; 達摩難陀; Dhammananda, K. Sri; Missionary Religion; Rites; Rituals; Favoritism; Westernization
Abstract佛陀是第一為建立僧團的宗教導師. 他在推廣他的理念時,面臨許多重大的問題,尤以佛法的複雜性為最. 在他後,阿育王建立僧侶的宏法技巧,把佛教提升到世界性宗教的地位. 他也訂立遵循的指導原則,要求他們須永遠尊重弘法對象的宗教和文化.

佛教傳播之所以獲得重大成功,主是由於想學習佛法者邀請僧侶到他們的土地去. 今日問題已然不同,因佛教僧侶須在其他宗教已建立穩固基礎的土地上佈教,得不到政治力量或媒體的支持. 為著克服這些難題,僧侶須具備豐富的佛法知識,也要擅長運用現代技術來弘法. 他們須關懷傳教對象的社會需要,不可以浪費精力在宣傳自己宗教的優越上.

一位現代佛教僧侶須知識廣博,善巧,不存宗派之見,關心文化,誠懇,戒律精嚴,人格端正. 目前迫切需要建立一個訓練僧侶的國際機構,有如一千年前的那爛陀大學一般.

The Buddha was the first religious teacher to establish a missionary service to the world. He faced enormous problems to propagate his ideas, the foremost among them being the complexity of the Dhamma itself. After him the emperor Asoka raised the level of Buddhism to a world religion by working to establish the missionary skills of Buddhist monks. He also laid the guidelines for them to follow. Insisting that they must always people to whom they introduce our religion. The great success of the spread of Buddhism was due to the fact that people who wanted to learn about Buddhism invited monks to their lands. The problem is different today because Buddhist missionaries have to work in lands where other religious beliefs are firmly established and they have no support either from the political powers or the media. To overcome these problems monks must be knowledgeable in the Dhamma and skilled in its propagation using modern techniques. They must also concern themselves with the social needs of the people they work with and not waste their energies defending the superiority of the particular branch of Buddhism they belong to. A modern Buddhist missionary must be knowledgeable,skilled,non-sectarian,and active in social work,culturally sensitive,sincere,disciplined and full of integrity. There is a dire need to set up an international institution to train monks in these skills -- just as Nalanda did a thousand years ago.
Created date2000.12.05
Modified date2016.09.20

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