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東坡詩論中的禪喻=The Zen's Metaphor in Su Shih's Criticism on Poetry
Author 蕭麗華 (撰)=Hsiao, Li-hua (compose)
Source 佛學研究中心學報=Journal of the Center for Buddhist Studies
Volumen.6
Date2001.07
Pages243 - 270
Publisher國立臺灣大學佛學研究中心=The Center for Buddhist Studies, National Taiwan University
Publisher Url http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~ntucbs/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:臺灣大學中文系
Keyword蘇軾; 東坡; 詩論; 以禪喻詩; 以禪論詩; 儒佛融通; 夢
Abstract詩學上論及以禪喻詩,多數直接指向嚴羽《滄浪詩話》,但滄浪前,唐宋詩家禪喻者已多,筆者曾考索滄浪詩論中儒佛交涉的痕跡,深覺詩禪合一受宋代文士融合儒釋思想的影響頗深,滄浪已屬南宋詩論,上溯其源,北宋詩家對儒釋的融合才更切寰中,更具思想啟蒙作用. 儒釋融合的現象應在宋初崇儒反佛的風潮後,綜觀北宋詩禪融合的痕跡實以蘇軾為先. 其後,蘇門諸子黃庭堅,秦觀,陳師道乃至晚出的范溫《詩眼》,葉夢得《石林詩話》,嚴羽《滄浪詩話》等等,宋人詩論中以禪喻詩之風才大為昌明. 為突顯蘇軾在宋代詩學上的特識與影響,本文凡分六節,除前言,結語外,全文特從北宋反佛到儒佛融攝開始起論; 次敘蘇軾禪佛修養之因緣; 再次將蘇軾全集中詩論文字分次條析,爬疏出蘇軾會通儒佛以論詩的特質,尤其是蘇軾以禪宗「攝心正念」,解釋孔子「思無邪」,以為齋銘,正是其儒佛融通之核心; 第五節指出蘇軾以禪喻詩之若干現象,分論為「以禪法作詩」,「以夢成詩」,「詩禪辯證」,「以禪論詩」等; 最後以蘇軾門下及北宋諸子以禪喻詩諸論作為承應,期使蘇軾禪喻在宋代詩禪合轍,儒佛融會的意義上可以得到彰顯.

Table of contents一、前言 245
二、北宋反佛風潮促成了儒佛會通 246
三、蘇軾禪佛修養因緣 249
四、蘇軾會通儒佛以論詩 251
五、蘇軾以禪喻詩的若干現象 254
(一)以禪法作詩 254
(二)以夢成詩 257
(三)詩禪辯證 262
(四)以禪論詩 265
六、結語:東坡以禪喻詩之影響 267
ISSN10271112 (P)
Hits2488
Created date2001.07.11; 2002.03.03
Modified date2017.06.29



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