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A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes: Essential Distinctions among the Individual Liberation, Great Vehicle, and Tantric Systems
Author Sakya Pandita ; Rhoton, Jared Douglas ; Scott, Victoria R. M.
PublisherState University of New York Press
Publisher Url
LocationAlbany, NY, US [奧爾巴尼, 紐約州, 美國]
SeriesSUNY series in Buddhist Studies
Content type書籍=Book
KeywordTibetan Buddhism; individual liberation; great vehicle; tantric system
AbstractA Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes presents the first English translation of the sDom gsum rab dbye,one of the most famous and controversial doctrinal treatises of Tibetan Buddhism. Written by Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen (1182–1251),a founder of the Sakya school and one of Tibet’s most learned sages, The Three Codes strongly influenced subsequent religious and intellectual traditions in Tibet—and sparked a number of long-lasting doctrinal and philosophical disputes, some of which persist today.

In The Three Codes, Sakya Pandita discusses the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Tantric vows of Buddhist conduct,which often diverge and contradict each other. He criticizes, on at least one point or another,later practitioners of almost every lineage,including the Kadampa, Kagyupa, and Nyingmapa, for contradicting the original teachings of their own traditions.

About the Author:
Jared Douglas Rhoton received a Ph.D. in Indic Studies from Columbia University and was the translator of Deshung Rinpoche’s The Three Levels of Spiritual Perception:An Oral Commentary on "The Three Visions" (Nang Sum) of Ngorchen Konchog Lhundrub.
Table of contentsForeword
Note on Transcription
List of Abbreviations
Part I: Sakya Pandita’s Life and Work

Part II: A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes

Vows of Individual Liberation
Vows of the Bodhisattva
Vows of the Vajra Vehicle
Part III: Six Letters by Sakya Pandita

1. Reply to the Questions of the Translator from Chak
2. Reply to the Questions of the Translator of Lowo
3. A Letter to the Noble-Minded
4. A Letter to the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions
5. Reply to the Questions of Dokorwa the Kadampa
6. Reply to the Questions of Namkha Bum the Kadampa

Appendix A: Gorampa's Outline of A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes

Appendix B: Transliteration of the Tibetan Text of A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes

About the Cover
ISBN0791452867 (pbk); 0791452859 (hc)
Created date2003.06.09
Modified date2016.06.29

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