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西藏現代史(1913~1951)--喇嘛王國的覆滅
Author 戈爾斯坦, 梅爾文・C. ; 杜永彬
Date1995.08
Publisher時事出版社
Location北京, 中國 [Beijing, China]
Content type書籍=Book
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword藏傳佛教史=西藏佛教史=Tibetan Buddhist History; 政教關係=Buddhism and Politics; 佛教經濟=寺院經濟=Buddhist Economics;
Abstract戈茨坦在總結舊西藏(他稱之為“喇嘛王國”)滅亡的原因時說(本書結論)﹕“雖某種意義上說,宗教是西藏政治中的一種和諧的力量﹐但它又是種導致分裂和紛爭的力量。各種宗教集團為擴大自己的聲望和影響﹐展開了激烈的競爭和角逐。它們在有關宗教利益的政策上不能達成一致﹐從而給20世紀的西藏歷史帶來了災難。不僅如此﹐僧侶越多越好的觀念,和年復一年的法事慶典﹐導致寺廟不斷尋求更多的土地和捐贈﹐竭力反對噶廈政府為政教事業̈想而削減寺廟財源的任何嘗試。這又使寺廟集團擁護莊園農奴制的經濟制度﹐並因此而成極端保守的勢力。當西藏力圖適應20世紀日新月異的形勢時﹐宗教和寺廟就成西藏社會進步的沈重桎梏。......
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Created date2004.04.02



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