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從不立文字到不離文字 -- 唐代僧詩中的文字觀
Author 蕭麗華=Hsiao, Li-hua
Source 中國禪學=Chan Studies
Volumen.2
Date2003.06
Publisher河北禪學研究所; 中華書局
Publisher Url http://www.zhbc.com.cn/
Location河北, 中國 [Hopei, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者為台灣大學中文系副教授
Keyword文字禪; 詩僧; 詩禪融合; 詩魔
Abstract禪重視的是能所俱泯的體驗,打破日常性的二元對立;而語言文字是二元世界下的產物,歷代佛經中的文字觀有小乘禪的離文字相,也有大乘不二法,文字與道合一的觀點。禪宗初期藉教悟宗,思維方式和表達方法仍可依傍經教,達摩之後,教禪分立,「不立文字、教外別傳」的禪門宗風已然有不同的面貌,然而到宋代何以產生文字禪?唐代詩僧的文士化,可能是其重要原因。本文純以唐代詩僧的詩作作為觀察素材,探討詩僧們如何促成詩禪合一的文化走向。全文分五節,除前言、結尾外,主要集中在討論佛經中的文字觀,以歸納大乘方便法與般若不二法的成因;其次分析詩僧的文字觀,以觀察詩僧從詩禪相妨到詩禪融合的演變樣態,唐代詩僧的努力,終於促成唐宋兩代文人與僧人在詩與禪的天地上安身立命。
ISSN1609476X
Hits619
Created date2004.11.05
Modified date2011.05.26



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