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蘇軾詩禪合一論對惠洪「文字禪」的影響
Author 蕭麗華 (著)=Hsiao, Li-hua (au.)
Source 玄奘大學佛學與文學學術研討會(第1屆)
Date2003.04
Publisher玄奘大學
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Keyword蘇軾; 惠洪; 文字禪; 詩禪合一; 宋詩
Abstract宋代的「文字禪」是繼唐代農禪風尚之後,一個禪宗史上僧俗融合,僧人文士化,文士禪林化的文化現象。「文字禪」一般公認創始於釋惠洪,但筆者認為以詩禪交涉的角度來看,應以北宋蘇軾成就最大,影響最深。因此本文以蘇軾詩論與惠洪《天廚禁臠》、《冷齋夜話》、《石門文字禪》為主,比對二者詩禪合論的理論,藉以觀察狹義「文字禪」之內涵及其在北宋發展之軌跡。全文分從蘇軾與惠洪的外緣關係、蘇軾的文字禪觀、惠洪承蘇軾文字禪詩觀的稱引過程與論見等三個向度,重點在考索「詩為文字禪」的具體內容。通過本文的觀察,可以看出蘇軾與惠洪二人在「以禪喻詩」、「以偈為詩」、「以禪論詩」和「游戲三昧,以夢為詩」等方面的一致性。相信透過本文的勾稽綜理,對蘇軾影響惠洪的痕跡,可以得到清晰的脈絡;對「文字禪」闡釋的深度與詩禪交涉發展的底蘊,也應有發微之功。
Hits1129
Created date2004.11.05
Modified date2015.06.09



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