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The First Council and Suppression of the Nuns=第一次結集與對尼眾的壓制
Author Laohavanich, Mano Mettanando (著)=慈喜 (au.) ; 李素卿
Source 玄奘佛學研究=Hsuan Chuang Journal of Buddhism Studies
Volumen.9
Date2008.03.01
Pages49 - 120
Publisher玄奘大學
Publisher Url http://ird.hcu.edu.tw/front/bin/home.phtml
Location新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language英文=English
Note作者為聯合國「世界和平- 宗教大會」祕書長佛教事務特別顧問、「世界和平- 宗教大會」駐聯合國曼谷辦公室首席代表
Keyword佛教結集; 比丘尼; 僧團戒法; 八敬法
Abstract第一次的佛撕吉集是佛教聖典文獻(即巴利文聖典)的起源,結集內容詳載於比丘與比丘尼的僧團戒法中。在王舍城所召開的第一玩結集會議,其本質並非如其向來所聲稱的:將佛陀的言論編集成聖典,以防佛教未來走上腐敗,乃至衰亡之途;而是想要壓制那群曾在宣教事業上展現高度活力與成就的尼康。王舍城桔集出現了要求尼眾必須終身奉持的八敬法,由於八敬法高度歧視女性,遵循這些法條之後,比丘尼僧團的力量逐漸衰弱,最低終於導致印度佛教的式微與沒落。當我們把一些書那教的經文和印度教的法典,以及佛教聖典的許多段落,一併拿來進行比對時,我們會發現,在敘述比丘尼僧團之起源的故事中,有關八敬法的部分,實際上是在佛陀去世後不久被插補進去的。第一次結集的成員雖然被譽為聖者,但他們仍然比較像是奉行婆羅門律法的忠實信徒,而非佛教的托僻僧,在此之前,這群人對於佛陀允許女眾可像男眾一樣受戒出家的作法,是很不滿意的。因此,第一次結集的真正意圖,並非如傳車充所聲稱的欲令正法久住,而是要將尼眾的地位邊緣化。

The First Buddhist Council is traditionally seen as the origin ofBuddhist canonical literature , the Tipitaka, The details of the Council are described in a section in the monastic code for Buddhist monks and nuns. Close examination of the account of the First Council, and the comparison of that account with numerous passages throughout the Tipitaka, and with Brahmanical texts and traditions, revea ls serious contradictions and an unstated agenda. It appears that those who called for and attend ed the First Council (or those who wrote its story) were most likely faithful followers of Brahmanical law who were dissatisfied with the Buddha's instruction that women were to be ordained as equals to men. The focus of the account of the council,meeting; the charges made agains t Ananda (half of which center on women, and concern violations ofBrahmanical law, but not violations of Buddhist Dharma or Vinaya); the fact that the First Council ignored the Buddha's instructions that the entire Sangha should meet together to set down the Dharma and Vinaya, and that the Dharma (not any individual person) should become the Sangha's leade r after his death ; as 'well as considerable other evidence found throughout the Tipitaka, all strongly suggest that one of the primary motiv es of the First Council or its writers was to marginalize and disempower Ananda and the nuns, who emerge in the texts as having been especially active and important in the promotion of Buddhism.
ISSN18133649 (P)
Hits290
Created date2010.08.09
Modified date2017.12.01



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