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藏傳佛教對生命禮俗的看法 -- 以天葬爲例=A Rite of Passage in Tibetan Buddhism: Sky Burial
Author 黃英傑 (著)=Huang, Ying-chieh (au.)
Source 輔仁宗教研究=Fujen Religious Studies
Pages67 - 95
Publisher Url
Location臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword藏傳佛教=Tibetan Buddhism; 直貢噶舉派=Drikung Kagyu; 直貢替寺=Drikung Thel Monastery; 天葬=Sky Buried; 施身法=Chod; 破瓦法=Powa

This paper is about Tibetan sky burial. It points out that sky burial arose not merely due to the geographical features of Tibet. Religious doctrines provided a unique meaning to make the differentiation from Zoroastrianism and other nationality's bird Buried. Though the practices of facing death are found in all periods of Indian Buddhism, yet there is no evidence of sky burial in India. The rite of Tibetan sky burial has two parts: the separation of the body and the mind of the deceased, and the dissection of the corpse to feed vultures. The first step delivers the mind to a better state. The second transforms the ordinary dead body into a holy meal for distinguish guests. Although the rite is connected to the 12th century practice of Chod, yet the first clear historical record of Tibetan sky burial is related to the founder of the Drikung Kahgyu School-Kyobpa Jigten Sumgön-who established the first place for sky burial. This tradition with its many sacred meanings has been handed down to the present. Tibetan sky burial is not only a funeral rite, but also a presentation of Buddhist culture which says that beyond the physical concern to emphasize the peace of mental consciousness, there is a transformation of the fear of death and attachment to one's own body, so as to attain ultimate spiritual happiness and liberation.
Table of contents提要 67
前言 68
一、西藏天葬起源的探討 69
1. 中亞起源說 69
2. 印度起源說 71
3. 西藏本土起源說 73
二、藏傳佛教施身法與天葬 77
三、直貢噶舉派的天葬傳統 81
1. 西藏史上首座天葬台的建立 81
2. 直貢替寺天葬台的特殊超薦法 83
3. 直貢替寺天葬台不可取代的多重神聖性 85
結論 89
ISSN16820568 (P); 16820568 (E)
Created date2010.12.27
Modified date2019.12.16

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