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Vengeful Spirits or Loving Spiritual Companions? Changing Views of Animal Spirits in Contemporary Japan
Author Ambros, Barbara
Source Asian Ethnology
Volumev.69 n.1
Pages35 - 67
PublisherNanzan Institute for Religion and Culture=南山宗教文化研究所
Publisher Url
Location名古屋, 日本 [Nagoya, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keywordnew spirituality movements and culture; pet loss; the Rainbow Bridge; petto kuyō (pet memorial rites); chikushō (realm of beasts); jōbutsu (becoming a Buddha/being at peace)
AbstractPet memorial rites gained currency in Japan in the late twentieth century. Beginning in the 1970s, Japan experienced an “occult boom,” which was marked by increasing interest in paranormal phenomena, divination, and vengeful spirits. At the same time, Japanese society underwent dramatic demographic changes and a marked increase in pet ownership. Pet memorial rituals became popular in this environment. However, the rationale behind these rituals is shifting in the aftermath of the Aum Shinrikyō incident and through the growing influence of a global pet loss literature. Once regarded as threatening, vengeful spirits, pet spirits have emerged as loving, faithful spiritual companions. This article traces these changes at Buddhist pet cemeteries and in the writings of popular spiritualists from Gibo Aiko to Ehara Hiroyuki.
ISSN18826865 (P)
Created date2011.01.19
Modified date2019.06.20

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