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A Tentative Exploration into the Development of Master Sheng Yen's Chan Teachings=初探聖嚴法師禪法之演化
Author Yu, Jimmy
Source Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal=中華佛學學報
Volumen.23
Date2010.07
Pages3 - 38
PublisherChung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies=中華佛學研究所
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/ch_html/index_ch00.html
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
KeywordChan=禪; Huatou=話頭; Mozhao=默照; Platform Scripture=《六祖壇經》; Sheng Yen=聖嚴
AbstractIn 2006 the late Master Shengyen Huikong 聖嚴慧空 (1930-2009) (hereafter, Sheng Yen) established a new Chan Buddhist school called the Dharma Drum Lineage (Fagu zong 法鼓宗), which unites the two lineages of Linji 臨濟 and Caodong 曹洞 that Sheng Yen was heir to. Sheng Yen’s creation of a new Chan school was a momentous historical development in Chinese Buddhism. This article aims to historicize the process of Sheng Yen’s formation of the Dharma Drum Lineage and how his own teachings have evolved over time in response to different conditions. It argues that Sheng Yen Chan teachings does not constitute a stagnant, premeditated set of doctrines, but was a product of his own life experiences, interpretations of early Buddhism, and appropriations of the Japanese Buddhist response to modernity. Sheng Yen’s Chan was unique in that he synthesized the early Buddhist ?gama teachings with the teachings embodied in the Platform Scripture. His formulation of Chan as a form of “Buddhist education” was uniquely modern, but at the same time not out of line with the adaptive nature of Chan in Chinese history. He took a critical stance against contemporary representations of Chan as antinomian and spontaneous, ungrounded in Buddhist doctrine, and appropriated, reinterpreted, and reinvigorated traditional teachings, especially in a time when these values and teachings had already lost much of their ideological vigor to meet the needs of modern times and revive Chinese Buddhism.

在兩千零六年,聖嚴慧空法師新成立了「中華禪法鼓宗」。法鼓宗的成立結合了禪宗臨濟與曹洞兩脈,同時也在漢傳佛教史上開發了一個新的局面。這篇文章旨在對聖嚴法師建立中華禪法鼓宗的歷程,以及他的禪法如何隨著時代演變,以回應種種狀況做歷史的論述。文中主張聖嚴法師的禪法並非一套停滯不變、預先構想好的教理,而是結合了法師自己的生活體驗與對原始佛教的詮釋,並參考日本佛教對現代社會的回應而產生的。聖嚴法師的禪法之所以獨特,在於他將《阿含經》的原始佛教教法與《六祖壇經》所闡揚的教法予以融合。他將禪法建構為一種「佛教教育」的形式,不但具有現代性,同時也與中國歷史上禪宗極具適應性、包容性的特質相呼應。今日的世界,特別在西方,將禪宗呈現為揚棄戒律、灑脫自在、輕視佛法教理基礎的宗派。法師對此一觀點,持不同看法,他對傳統教法提出新的詮釋,賦予全新的活力。這樣的作法,在當前傳統價值觀與教法已喪失引領思潮的活力,不僅無法滿足現代社會需求,亦不足以擔當復興漢傳佛教的任務之際,法師的努力,顯得別具意義。
ISSN10177132 (P)
Hits1118
Created date2011.04.24
Modified date2022.06.15



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