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The Neo-Nationalist Response to the Aum Crisis: A Return of Civil Religion and Coercion in the Public Sphere?
Author Mullins, Mark R.
Source Japanese Journal of Religious Studies
Volumev.39 n.1
Pages99 - 125
PublisherNanzan Institute for Religion and Culture=南山宗教文化研究所
Publisher Url
Location名古屋, 日本 [Nagoya, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
NoteMark R. Mullins is a professor of religion in the Graduate School of Global Studies and
the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Sophia University, Tokyo.
Keywordnationalism; Association of Shinto Shrines; Yasukuni Shrine; Liberal Democratic Party; Shinto Seiji Renmei; civil religion; coercion; public sphere
AbstractThe 1995 social crisis in Japan—brought on in part by Aum Shinrikyō—created
an environment in which the political interests and agendas of neo-nationalist
leaders and groups found a more receptive audience. Most of their concerns
and restoration initiatives had been envisioned by the Association of Shinto
Shrines since the end of the Occupation and promoted by its political arm,
the Shinto Seiji Renmei, since 1969. In the first few years after the Aum Affair,
a number of new groups emerged—such as Nippon Kaigi—and joined forces
with these older organizations. With the leadership of politicians and prime
ministers from the Liberal Democratic Party, these groups have recorded significant
progress toward the goal of reshaping public life and institutions over
the course of a decade. Both secular and religious critics are concerned that
the institutionalization of these neo-nationalist initiatives is seriously eroding
individual freedoms. The public concern for “protection” from deviant new
religions—initially generated by the Aum crisis—has evolved to include a concern
for protection from civil religious obligations in public institutions.
ISSN03041042 (P)
Created date2013.04.16
Modified date2017.09.13

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