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敦煌早期洞窟佛像的卍字相與如來心相=The Srivatsalakslana(卍)and Rosette Designs of the Buddha Statues in Early Dunhuang Caves
Author 雷蕾 (著)=LEI, Lei (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.4 (總號=n.134)
Date2012.08
Pages27 - 33 + 129
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note雷蕾為敦煌研究院美術研究所工作人員。王惠民為敦煌研究院考古研究所研究員。
Keyword卍字=卍(Srivatsalakslana); 三十二相=Thirty-two major marks; 如來心相=Heart shape of the Buddha; 《觀佛三昧海經》=Visualizing the Buddha Samadhi Sutra
Abstract佛有三十二相、八十種好,其中一些相好出現在佛教造像中,常見的有頂髻螺旋、胸有卍字、指間縵網、足底輪相等,本文對敦煌莫高窟早期洞窟中佛胸前的卍字相、心相及其佛經來源進行了考察。其中早期洞窟繪塑佛像的胸口有寶花圖像,本文認為是"如來心相",即對心臟的描述,不屬于三十二相、八十種好的內容,而與《觀佛三昧海經》密切相關,顯示《觀佛三昧海經》對早期洞窟造像的影響。

According to Buddhist texts,the Buddha has thirty-two main marks and eighty secondary characteristics,among which the topknot on the head,the 卍 design in front of the breast,the thousand-spoked wheel sign on feet and webbed fingers are commonly represented.A study of the 卍 and rosette designs as well as their scriptural sources suggests that the rosette design depicted in the breast of the Buddha statutes in early Dunhuang caves should be regarded as a description of the "heart of the Buddha." It does not belong to the thirty-two major marks and eighty minor characteristics, and it is most closely associated with the Visualizing the Buddha Samadhi Sutra, thus revealing the influence of this sutra on Buddhist statues in early caves.
Table of contents一、卍字相 28
二、如來心相 29
三、早期石窟與《觀佛三昧海經》 31

ISSN10004106 (P)
Hits344
Created date2013.08.22
Modified date2018.05.17



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