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莫高窟第98窟是一懺法道場=Mogao Cave 98 Should Be Considered a Monastery for Confessional Rituals
Author 劉永增 (著)=Liu, Yong-zeng (au.) ; 陳菊霞 (著)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.6 (總號=n.136)
Date2012.12
Pages29 - 40
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note劉永增為敦煌研究院考古研究所所長,研究員;陳菊霞為敦煌研究院考古研究所副研究員。
Keyword第98窟=Cave 98; 窟頂四披=Four slopes of the ceiling; 《佛說賢劫千佛名經》=Sutra on the Names of the Thousand Buddhas of the Bhadra Kalpa; 道場=Monastery
Abstract莫高窟第98窟是歸義軍節度使曹議金的功德窟。該窟窟頂四披繪制了約700身千佛,每身千佛都有對應的榜題。通過抄錄和核查這些千佛榜題,筆者發現,第98窟窟頂四披的千佛名應出自敦煌本《佛說賢劫千佛名經》,其底稿應與S.6485《佛說賢劫千佛名經》類同。窟頂四披上方畫十方諸佛赴會圖,并有"奉請(十方佛)……來居此窟"之題記;窟頂四角繪有四天王像,也有"謹請(天王)……來降此窟"之題記,參照傳世佛教懺法典籍和一些敦煌禮懺文的"啟請"儀式,筆者認為,第98窟應該是一個懺法道場。

Mogao Cave 98 was patronized by Cao Yijin,governor of the Return-to-Allegiance Army.There are about 700 images of Buddhas on the four slopes of the ceiling,each having a colophon.By transcribing and examining these colophons,the authors discover that the names of the thousand Buddhas on the four slopes should derive from the Sutra on the Names of the Thousand Buddhas of the Bhadra Kalpa.Its draft should be similar with S.6485.There paintings on the four slopes show the scene of the Buddhas from ten directions attending the assembly with colophons which read" inviting(Buddhas of the ten directions) to take abode in this cave;" and the four corners present the images of the four heavenly kings with colophons reading " inviting(heavenly kings) to descend to this cave." By consulting Buddhist canons as well as some Dunhuang documents on confession rituals, the authors come to the conclusion that cave 98 should be considered a Buddhist Monastery for confessional rituals.
ISSN10004106 (P)
Hits341
Created date2013.08.28
Modified date2022.06.01



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