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西方凈土變形式的形成過程與完成時間=The Evolution and Stylization Date of the Western Pure Land Illustration
Author 王惠民 (著)=Wang, Hui-min (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.3 (總號=n.139)
Date2013.06
Pages76 - 85
Publisher敦煌研究編輯部
Publisher Url http://www.dha.ac.cn/
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:敦煌研究院考古研究所。
Keyword經變畫=Sutra illustration; 西方凈土變=Western pure land illustration; 構圖形式=Composition
Abstract西方凈土變是中國佛教美術的主要題材之一,內容豐富,形式多樣。該經變濫觴于6世紀中葉,直到8世紀初葉才定型。早期西方凈土變的構圖形式主要是說法會,而后在漫長的演變過程中,加入了"十六觀"內容,到8世紀初形成說法會與對聯式條幅畫"未生怨"、"十六觀"結合的構圖形式,成為西方凈土變的主要構圖形式。本文對西方凈土變構圖形式進行了考察與分析,有助于我們對佛教美術發展的理解。

the Illustration of Western Pure Land is a one of the main themes of Chinese Buddhist art. It
contains rich content in diversified forms. The illustration first appeared in the middle of the sixth century and became stylized till the early part of the eighth century. Early pure land illustrations mainly depicted a preaching scene. Later in the long process of evolution, the contents of “the Sixteen Meditations” were added. It was at the beginning of the eighth century that the pure land illustration consisting of a central preaching scene with side scenes of “Queen Vaidehi (the Sixteen Meditations)” and of the “story of King Bimbisāra and Ajāta atru” was formed, which became the main composition of the western pure land illustration. This paper presents an investigation and analysis of the composition of western pure land illustrations, which will help understand Buddhist art development.
Table of contents上篇:南北朝時期的經變 77
一、維摩詰經變的出現
二、南朝彌勒經變、觀音經變造像碑
下篇:西方淨土變形式的形成過程與完成時間 80
一、單尊像與說法圖(4世紀中葉—6世紀中葉,350—550)
二、簡略西方淨土變的出 現(6世 紀中 葉—7世紀末,550—700)
三、西方淨土變形式的完成(700年頃) 结论 80

ISSN10004106 (P)
Hits422
Created date2014.03.26
Modified date2018.05.21



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