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魏晉六朝佛教懺悔的實踐與義蘊=The Practice and Connotation of Buddhism Kṣama during Wei Jin Period and the Six Dynasties
Author 白金銑 (著)=Pai, Chin-hsien (au.)
Source 新世紀宗教研究=New Century Religious Studies
Volumev.8 n.3
Pages127 - 176
Publisher Url
Location臺北縣, 臺灣 [Taipei hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword懺悔=Kṣama; 懺儀=Repentance Rite; 緣起性空=Bodhisattva Precepts; 菩薩戒=Dependent Origination and Emptiness; 自性成佛=Becoming Buddhobhavati via Svabhava; 般若空慧=the Ultimate Wisdom; 涅槃佛性=Nirvana Buddha-dhatu; 誓願力=Power of Vows

This article begins with the discussion on kṣama practices by venerable monks and laity which were mutually coherent but distinctively manifested during Wei Jin Period and the Six Dynasties, based on the historical development of Buddhism. It further analyzes eight kṣama connotations according to kṣama practices by venerable monks and laity.
Kṣama practice during Han Wei Period blended Confucian and Taoist thoughts and rituals. Notwithstanding, most of the venerable monks and laity held firm ground of Buddhism kṣama thought, as it would not be dissimilated in essence; kṣama practice in the Western and Eastern Jin Dynasties gradually away from the influence of Taoism rituals, blending supreme heart commandment of Mahayana Buddhism, the ultimate wisdom and filial ethics of Buddhism; kṣama practice during Liu-Song Dynasty further combined with way of Zen, becoming Buddhobhavati via Svabhava (our self-nature) and Samādhi (in which the individual wholeheartedly thinks of the appearance of the Buddha, or of the dharmakāya, or repeats the Buddha's name); the building period for Dharma-gate of kṣama came in Qi of the Southern dynasties in Chinese history; the period of perfect and harmonious mergence for Dharma-gate of kṣama came in Liang Dynasty in the Six Dynasties; Chen Dynasty inherited the past and ushered in the future that further shed lights on dharma-gate of kṣama in Sui and Tang Dynasties based on kṣama practice.
The practice of kṣama connotations by venerable monks and laity during Wei Jin Period and the Six Dynasties embraced consciousness-only and perfect wisdom, the ultimate wisdom, nirvana Buddha-dhatu, exoteric and esoteric doctrines, Zen's meditative contemplation and reciting the Buddha's name, and repentance rites and doctrines, as it inherited Buddha's teaching by setting an example by not persisting in Buddhist precept, delivered the continuation of Mahayana Buddha-tathāgata in fulfilling the heart, bodhi's power of vows and compassionate heart by not persisting in clean thought of precepts and rules. Meanwhile, it fulfilled the dignified kṣama rituals of Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism by not persisting in form and ceremony that it was harmonious with traditional Chinese thought and human heart in the society that, turning out to be the creative life practice.
Table of contents壹、前言 129
貳、漢魏間雜糅儒道思想的懺悔實踐 134
參、兩晉間融合菩薩心戒與般若空慧的懺悔實踐 139
肆、劉宋時融合自性成佛的禪懺實踐 150
伍、齊梁陳間懺悔實踐法門的繁花齊開 154
一、南齊時中國懺悔法門的初製 154
二、蕭梁時大部懺悔法門的圓融合成 157
三、陳時高僧與君臣士人的禮懺文 165
陸、結語 167
ISSN16843738 (P)
Created date2014.07.14
Modified date2020.01.15

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