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現代社會中宗教發展的風險意涵:台灣本土宗教活動規畫所體現的「選擇親近性」=Risk and Religious Development in Modern Society: The “Elective Affinity” of Religious Programming in Taiwan
Author 齊偉先 (著)=Chi, Wei-hsian (au.)
Source 臺灣社會學
Pages1 - 54
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword宗教=religion; 宗教慈善=religious charity; 風險=risk; 選擇親近性=elective affinity; 世俗化=secularization
Abstract 本文旨在說明台灣本土宗教過去幾十年來的成長態勢以及它們進行活動規畫的選擇偏好,都與現代社會中的風險論述有關。社會中的不同風險論述讓許多台灣宗教團體找到了發展的契機,這成為宗教蓬勃發展的一項重要結構性條件。儘管社會中還存在著許多其他結構性條件,如民間集會結社限制的法律鬆綁,以及 1970 年代以來台灣經濟成長等因素。然而這些都僅說明了宗教團體發展的外部條件,並沒有進一步結合宗教論述來說明。本文認為風險觀點能補足這個面向的討論,由風險的角度我們可以結合宗教性這個內在因素來說明,何以在同樣的政經條件下,不同類型的宗教團體會選擇不同的活動規畫來招募信眾,並展現出特定的「選擇親近性」。

This paper explains that the religious growth and various ways of religious programming during the past decades in Taiwan are related to the production of risk discourses. Risk society provides various possibilities for religious organizations to attract participants. Many studies have argued that some other social-structural conditions can also explain the religious development, like repealing the juridical restraints on civil organizations in 1987 and the economic growth that has been occurring since 1970. Such studies do not address factors within the religious field itself. Based on the theory of risk society, I reveal the relation between the religiosity of religious organization and its religious programming, that is, the “elective affinity” of the religious organization, which shows the structural character of religious development in Taiwan.
Table of contents一、前言 3
二、世俗化概念的釐清及問題的提出 4
三、宗教論述中的「不確定性」與現代社會風險論述中的「不確知性」 10
四、宣教活動的內涵:由「需求認知」轉化為「意義認知」 15
五、台灣本土宗教的兩種宗教性 19
(一)靈證性宗教 19
(二)修行性宗教 22
(三)兩種宗教性的公共論述 28
六、台灣宗教領域活動規畫的「選擇親近性」 29
(一)靈證性的世俗延伸:慈善的「行動性風險」 30
(二)修行性團體的世俗關懷:慈善的「結構性風險」 38
(三) 小結:宗教論述結構所展現的「選擇親近性」 45
七、結語:社會風險作為宗教發展的契機 46
Created date2015.07.06
Modified date2020.06.15

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