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耆婆童子『叉尸羅國所見無不是藥』論印度草藥之自然療法=On Indian Naturopathic of Herbal Medicine: Vaidhya Jivaka’s Innovation of Natural Medicine in TakkasilÈ
Author 釋覺明
Source 「身心靈之道」國際學術研討會(第一屆)
Date2013.06.01
Pages22
Publisher南華大學宗教學研究所
Publisher Url http://rel2.nhu.edu.tw/main.php
Location嘉義縣, 臺灣 [Chia-i hsien, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note作者單位:南華大學宗教學所助理教授
Keyword耆婆; 得叉尸羅; 印度草藥=India herb medicine; 阿育吠陀=Ayruveda
Abstract釋尊被視為「應病與藥」的大醫王,依眾生根器差異,針對不同病源,開出所謂八萬四千法門。主要指心靈之病-貪、瞋、癡等大病之根源,也是輪迴之本。然而,在初期佛教的經、律巴利文獻之中,有佛陀針對身病痛,特別是《漢譯・南傳》《律藏》〈大品〉的〈第六藥犍度〉,發現了佛陀的草藥處方。本文將藉由《律藏》〈第八衣犍度〉記載了耆婆童子拜師學醫的典故,他說出『得叉尸羅國所見無不是藥』為契子,來探討佛陀時代,律藏之中,佛陀針對比丘的身病痛所開出的草藥與食療處方,窺探傳統阿育吠陀(Ayruveda)到現代印度的草藥的自然療法。

The Buddha is considered as the greatest doctor of all disease and medicines.According to the different level of sentient beings, root of their diseases, he taught eighty-four thousand Dharma for them. These diseases mainly refer to human spiritual diseases such as, greed, hatred and delusions, which are also the root cause of Samsaric rebirth. In the Chinese version of Early Buddhist Vinaya-pÊtaka (Bhesajja-khandhaka of Mahavagga, Chapters 1st and 2nd), the Buddha have mentioned about the physical diseases caused on body and their herbal treatment. This article discusses the eighth part of Vinaya, the Kathina-vagga, which explain that J Ê vaka Vaidhya’s innovation of natural medicine in Takkas Êl È as a motivation to discuss the Buddha’s method of curing and prescriptions of herbal medicine for physical sickness in Vinaya-pÊtaka. Through this, this paper penetrates from the traditional Indian Ayruveda to contemporary naturopathy of herbal medicine.
Table of contents壹 引言、文獻 2
一、引言 2
二、文獻回顧 2
貳 關於耆婆 5
一、耆婆的典故之文獻 5
二、得叉尸羅國:古醫學中心 7
三、耆婆醫術 8
參 佛陀之處方 9
一、腐爛藥 9
二、應病與藥 12
(一) 季節藥方 12
(三)外用藥 16
(四) 嚼楊枝 17
肆 印度ARYURVEDA 草藥 18
一、 藥草神奇 The Magic Power of Herbs 18
二、 喜馬拉雅山系列Himalaya herbs 產品及Neem 產品-附錄III 20
三、 Kerala Ayurveda Herbs 自然產品–附錄IV 21
四、 Kerala Ayurveda 草藥品–附錄V 21


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Created date2015.09.15
Modified date2020.10.07



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