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日本仏教におけるスピリチュアリティ=Spirituality Seen in Japanese Buddhism in the Medieval Era
Author 蓑輪顕量 =Minowa, Kenryo
Source 宗教研究=Journal of Religious Studies=シュウキョウ ケンキュウ
Volumev.84 n.2 (總號=n.365)
Date2010.09.30
Pages277 - 298
Publisher日本宗教学会
Publisher Url http://jpars.org/
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language日文=Japanese
Note蓑輪顕量(東京大学)
<特集>スピリチュアリティ=Spirituality
Keyword貞慶; 良遍; 慈尊教授頌; 命終心; 現成公按
Abstract心の内面に迫ることがスピリチュアルであるとの視点から考察を進めてみれば、古代の仏教から自己の内面性に深く迫った僧侶の存在が注目される。まずは山中に入り修行を積んだ僧侶たちである。彼らは虚空蔵法を修し、不思議な力の獲得を前提としていた。また中世には、南都の法相宗や禅宗の僧侶が注目される。貞慶や良遍には深い心の洞察が認められ、それは、弥勒教授の頌を用いた独特の瞑想の中に見て取れる。また彼らの関心であった死ぬ直前の心(命終心)の考察の中に、人間性を深く見つめた眼差しを見て取ることができる。また禅宗では道元の著作の中からは、万法から私たちに働きかけてくるという視点が見出せ、ここに心という「場」を媒介にしたスピリチュアリティを感じ取ることができるように思う。

Viewed from the perspective that spirituality consists of seeing one's inner mind, we may notice that there were several monks during the early period of Japanese Buddhism who stayed in the mountains and paid close attention to the cultivation of the inner mind. In the medieval era, monks of the Hosso and Zen denominations were notable. We find notable examples in Jokei (1155-1213) and Ryohen (1194-1252). Jokei in particular is recorded as having attained an experience of profound insight through the chanting of a verse called Jison kyoju no ju (Verse of Maitreya's Instruction). He used this verse as the object of meditation, similar to that of the nembutsu. He also paid close attention to the state of the mind of people at the time of death. From the Zen school, it was Dogen (1200-1253) who was most notable. In his writing, we can feel Dogen's conviction that we are in fact being motivated and affected by the totality of our surrounding existence. He seems to have understood mind to be the field of feelings and perceptions. This is again, another way of expressing the notion of "spirituality."
Table of contents[Table of Contents]

はじめに 277
一、古代の僧侶にみるスピリチュアリティ 278
二、中世南都の仏教者の見たスピリチュアリティ 280
1.自己の心の洞察
2.妙終心への関心
三、良遍の見た心の世界 287
四、禅宗の中に見られるスピリチュアリィテイ 292
おわりに 294
注 295
ISSN03873293 (P)
Hits57
Created date2016.03.17
Modified date2019.08.26



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