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無縁供養の動態性=On the Dynamism of Muen Kuyo(Spiritual Aid for the Dead without Bonds)
Author 池上良正 (著)=Ikegami, Yoshimasa (au.)
Source 宗教研究=Journal of Religious Studies=シュウキョウ ケンキュウ
Volumev.86 n.2 (總號=n.373)
Pages3 - 27
Publisher Url
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
<特集>災禍と宗教=Religion and Calamities
Keyword死者供養; 無縁; 東アジア; 施餓鬼; 民衆仏教

In Japanese, muen kuyo refers to spiritual aid generated in situations where the deceased no longer has any living relatives to provide him or her offerings, as well as to mourning and consolatory practices made on behalf of those who are perceived to have met violent deaths in war, accidents, natural disasters, and other acutely unfortunate circumstances. It is widely known and applied in situations where the spirits of the dead are thought to be suffering (kurushimu shisha). Viewed as a unique, dynamic soteriological system that emerged in East Asia and spread throughout all levels of society, the practices collectively referred to as shisha kuyo ("spiritual aid for the dead") are characterized according to two aspects: A) a focus on filial piety and ancestral duties, and B) concern with spiritual relief for those who have died with lingering regrets or animosity. It is the latter-spiritual relief for suffering spirits, of which muen kuyo is the primary manifestation-that has provided the driving force behind this system as a whole. Building upon a thorough consideration of the structure and historical development of muen kuyo, this paper argues that its inherent musha (unlimited) and mushu (unaided) organic dynamism has provided shisha kuyo practices with the momentum necessary to penetrate greater society.
Table of contents[Table of Contents]

はじめに 3
一、現代中国の寺院儀礼に存続する「無遮」と「無主」の動態性 6
ニ、中国大陸における「死者供養」の動態性―現況と歴史的背景― 10
三、中世後期の日本における「死者供養」の二重動態構造 15
四、無縁供養の逆説 18
おわりに 22
注 24
ISSN03873293 (P)
Created date2016.03.28
Modified date2019.08.15

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