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祟り・治罰・天災 : 日本列島における災禍と宗教=Vengeful Spirits, Divine Punishment and Natural Disasters : Catastrophe and Religion in Japan
Author 佐藤弘夫 (著)=Sato, Hiroo (au.)
Source 宗教研究=Journal of Religious Studies=シュウキョウ ケンキュウ
Volumev.86 n.2 (總號=n.373)
Pages133 - 156
Publisher Url
Location東京, 日本 [Tokyo, Japan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
<特集>災禍と宗教=Religion and Calamities
Keyword災禍; 崇り; 天災; 東日本大震災; 近代化

Without scientific knowledge, the people of pre-modern societies in Japan, as elsewhere, tried to understand and come to terms with the occurrence of natural disasters through their association with the actions of transcendent beings (kami). In ancient Japan, natural disasters were interpreted as messages, that is, vengeful curses, from the kami. With the establishment of a systematic cosmology which came with the broad reception of Buddhism during the middle ages, the causes of catastrophes came to be explained in terms of the law of cause and effect according to which punishment and salvation were delivered by the kami. With the onset of the early modern period, the sense of reality inherent in perceptions of the presence of those fundamental beings declined, and the salvation of the dead could no longer be entrusted to the system provided by the otherworldly kami. For this reason, people came to terms with catastrophes as natural disasters that must be faced. Rituals and customs, carried out over long periods, were put in place to raise the unfortunate dead to the status of ancestral spirits. In addition to a shift from the traditional world in which kami, the living and the dead coexisted toward a shutting out of the latter group, the process of "modernization" brought with it a restructuring of society around the exclusive rights and interests of human beings. The experience of the Great East Japan Earthquake has been an opportunity to reconsider the path ahead, and to reconsider responses to catastrophe which display the modern tendency to focus on the concerns of the living to the exclusion of those of the dead.
Table of contents[Table of Contents]

はじめに 133
一、宿命としての惨劇 135
ニ、神の発見 137
三、救済と天災 140
四、死者と交歓する生者 143
五、重なり合う生と死 145
六、異貌の時代としての近代 147
七、カミと祀られる人々 150
おわりに 152
注 154
ISSN03873293 (P)
Created date2016.03.28
Modified date2019.08.26

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