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唐前期敦煌地藏圖像考察=A Close Inspection into The Pre-Tang Dynasty’s Icon of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha on The Site of Dunhuang
Author 王惠民
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.3 (總號=n.91)
Pages18 - 25
Publisher Url
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword地藏菩薩; 《十輪經》; 三階教
Abstract 地藏信仰開始于北涼,而地藏圖像出現于初唐。敦煌畫中有大量的地藏圖像,始于初唐,宋、西夏仍見。松本榮一、河原由雄、羅華慶、潘亮文等學者曾有專文考述,但他們并沒有對敦煌全部地藏圖像進行詳細的實地考察和圖像學研究,遺留問題不少。本文所做的工作是,第一次對唐前期敦煌的地藏圖像進行系統的調查、整理,糾正一些定名錯誤和時代錯誤,并新發現兩幅地藏圖像和兩鋪十輪經變,在此基礎上對唐前期地藏像進行了圖像學的研究。特別是提出《十輪經》系地藏像,是地藏圖像研究的一個突破。

The earliest belief in Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha found in China began at the Northern Liang Dynasty (397-439A.D.). So far as the time concerned, the earliest icon of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha seems to be appeared around about early seventh century under the reign of The Early-Tang Dynasty. There are copious store of icons of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha inside of The Dunhuang Grottoes in the form of mural-paintings. The creation of icon of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha began at the period of the Early-Tang and continued to the Song Dynasty and The Western Xia Dynasty. Mr.Matsumoto Eiichi, Mr.Kawahara Yoshro, Mr. LUO Hua-qing and Mr. PAN Wen-liang had published their study earlier on the specific subject of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha but there are still some relative questions remained to be study of . Here, this article made a breakthrough on the certain academic level of Iconographic study by declaration of the illustration to the Dasacakra-sūtra on the site of Dunhuang Grottoes belongs the icon belief in the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha. For the first time, this article shows a thorough systematic on-the-site investigation for the icon of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha at the Pre-Tang Dynasty and made corrections over to some definition in term of religious terminology and chronological mistakes in the study of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha and made up two new records of Icons of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha to The General Catalogue of the Master Contents of The Dunhuang Grottoes and another two pieces of Illustration to the Daāacakra-sūtra which had never mentioned to any of the publishers.
ISSN10004106 (P)
Categories石窟; 佛教圖像; 繪畫
Created date2016.05.12
Modified date2018.03.22

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