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禪門散聖與文殊化身:寒山形象在宋代禪林中的轉化及其意涵=The Transformation of Hanshan’s Image in Song Dynasty Chan Buddhist Literature
Author 黃敬家 (著)=Huang, Jing-jia (au.)
Source 清華學報
Volumev.44 n.3
Pages385 - 418
Publisher Url
Location新竹市, 臺灣 [Hsinchu shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword寒山形象=Images of Hanshan; 宋代=Song Dynasty; 散聖=Mad Sage; 文殊=Manjusri; 禪宗文獻=Chan Buddhist Literature

Hanshan was an enigmatic figure of the Tang Dynasty who originally possessed the image of a poor scholar or a noble, unsullied person. In the Song Dynasty, Hanshan came to be included in Chan Buddhist lineages, where he was depicted either as a mad Chan sage or as an avatar of "Manjusri." How and why did he attain these two identities and have his image transformed during the Song? How did he come to possess status and religious significance in Chan Buddhist lineages? Based on a review of Chan Buddhist literature, this paper asserts that Hanshan was gradually categorized as a "mad sage," a wild figure in the laymen's world, in order to reflect the religious meaning of madness. In addition, the paper explores both the intrinsic meaning as well as the religious and cultural causes influencing the development of the appellation "Hanshan Manjusri." It attempts to explain the establishment of a connection between Hanshan and Manjusri by examining their corresponding spiritual characteristics. In short, the interpretation of Hanshan as a mad sage with a playful attitude towards life represents an alternative characterization that reflects the everyday practices of Chan Buddhists. Although Hanshan is a sage, he acts like an ordinary person and he practices Buddhism in a natural manner in order to transform others. Hanshan's intrinsic innocence corresponds to the pureness of Manjusri. They both possess vigor and intelligence. The external madness of Hanshan and the internal acuity of Manjusri demonstrate the non-duality of phenomena and the nature.
Table of contents一、前言 386
二、宋代以前的寒山形象 387
三、宋代禪門建構寒山散聖的意蘊 391
(一)寒山在禪門系譜中的形象演變 392
(二)寒山散聖形象的宗教意涵 396
四、寒山與文殊化身的連結 401
(一)「寒山文殊」說法的成立 401
(二)寒山與文殊相應的精神特質 405
五、結語 411
ISSN05779170 (P)
Created date2016.05.20
Modified date2019.08.07

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