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瓜州榆林窟第3窟五守護佛母曼荼羅圖像解說=Interpreting the Mandala of Pancaraksā in Cave 3 of the Yulin Grottoes at Guazhou
Author 劉永增 (著)=Liu, Yong-zeng (au.)
Source 敦煌研究=Dunhuang Research
Volumen.1 (總號=n.149)
Pages21 - 28
Publisher Url
Location蘭州, 中國 [Lanzhou, China]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword五守護佛母=Buddha-Locani with Five Guardians; 女尊像=female deities; 金剛鬘=Vajra-māla; 大隨求=Mahapratisara
Abstract 榆林窟第3窟開鑿于西夏時代,窟內畫顯密經變畫和曼荼羅12幅。其中南壁西側畫惡趣清凈曼荼羅,上方繪制五守護佛母曼荼羅。五守護佛母曼荼羅在藏傳密教中屬所作怛特羅的信仰范疇,又稱之為五護曼荼羅、五守護曼荼羅等,是大隨求等五篇陀羅尼佛格化后組合到一起的一組尊像,廣泛流行在我國的西藏地區和尼泊爾。五守護佛母曼荼羅的相關經典成立在公元1100年前后,見于印度后期密教大師無畏生護(Abhay karagupta)著《金剛鬘》(Vajravali)和《究竟瑜伽鬘》(Nispannayogavali),它的發現和解讀,對研究敦煌石窟西夏密教圖像的源流有著重要的參考價值。

Built in the Western Xia period, Cave 3 of the Yulin Grottoes now has twelve sutra illustrations or mandalas of both exoteric and esoteric Buddhism. This particular mandala is painted on the upper west of the south wall. Affiliating to the tantra belief, the Pacaraksā Mandala combines various deities from the Mahapratisara,Mahasahasrapramardani, Mahamayuri, Mahasitavati, Mahamantranusarini, which was popular in the Tibetan region of China and in Nepal. Relevant Buddhist sutras took shape around 1100 CE and are recorded in both Vajravali and Nispannayogavali written by Abhayakaragupta, a great master of late esoteric Buddhism in India. The discovery and interpretation of this mandala is of significant reference value for studying the origins of esoteric Buddhist images in the Western Xia caves at Dunhuang.
ISSN10004106 (P)
Created date2016.06.02
Modified date2018.05.28

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