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再議《中國佛教文學史》的建構=Re-discussing the Construction of the History of Chinese Buddhist Literature
Author 蕭麗華 (著)=Hsiao, Lee-hwa (au.)
Source 求法與弘法:漢傳佛教的跨文化交流國際研討會論文集=Seeking Dharma, Spreading Dharma: Cross-Cultural Interactions of Chinese Buddhism
Date2015.10.01
Pages105 - 140
Publisher法鼓文化
Publisher Url http://www.ddc.com.tw/
Location臺北市, 臺灣 [Taipei shih, Taiwan]
Content type專題研究論文=Research Paper
Language中文=Chinese
Note蕭麗華:佛光大學中國文學與應用學系教授
主題:研究論述
Keyword文學史=literary history; 佛教文學=Buddhist literature; 史觀=historical view; 方法論=methodology
Abstract佛學研究在歐美和日本的大學中已有百年以上的歷史,成績斐然。反觀國內,從事佛學研究的工作仍只是佛學院與少數宗教所與哲研所的學者參與佛教思想與經典的研究,至於佛教文學,在各大學文學系、所幾乎乏人問津,最大的原因是缺乏一部「中國佛教文學史」來提供相關視野。然而作佛教文學研究可以針對局部性的問題一部分、一部分,慢慢梳理,作「中國佛教文學史」建構,卻必須面對全部範疇的釐清與全面性方法論的檢討等問題,這是本文難以完整掌握的地方。二十一世界的今天,中國大陸已經有許多團隊開始著手建構,台灣卻仍然沉寂無聲。基於佛教文學教育的普及所需,建構《中國文學史》實有必需,而如何建構亦須講究策略。筆者曾寫過一篇〈《中國佛教文學史》建構方法論芻議〉,經潤飾、擴充之後,撰成此文。文中一方面參酌一般《中國文學史》的建構方法,一方面對照、思考各文學史取材範疇的相關問題。就「範疇論」與「建構方法論舉隅」為出發點討論中國佛教文學史所應涵蓋之內容。「範疇論」方面,本文主張中國佛教文學史應涵蓋一、文人創作;二、佛經文學;三、僧人創作等三大範疇;「建構方法」方面,本文提出「輯佚、辨偽與文獻學、目錄學的運用」與「史觀的考量」兩大重點。範疇與方法論落實後,「中國佛教文學史」的主體內涵與論述方式方能確立。總之,文學史之撰寫是一個複雜的「巨系統」的運作,它是多種文學及文化因素結合的產物。建構佛教文學史應該先考量「範疇論」和「方法論」,思考橫向擴展的種種因素,和縱向發展的史觀運用,藉文學作品篇什的擴增與輯佚,達到全面呈現文化發展之過程。使其看似無序的開闔、動蕩、發展、斷裂之流變,展現為有序的文化內涵。

Buddhist studies, which have been researched for over one hundred years in European and Japanese universities, have obtained an outstanding outcome. Back to Taiwan, Buddhist studies are researched merely by the scholars of Buddhist colleges, several graduate institutes of religious studies and philosophy. The crucial reason that Buddhist Literature is extremely neglected in all the literature departments of universities is lacking a “History of Chinese Buddhist Literature” to provide the relative vision. One could deal with specifi c topics for researching on Buddhist Literature while one has to clarify the categories and analyze the problems of methodology to construct “History of Chinese Buddhist Literature.” However, the latter is defi nitely the most diffi cult part for this paper to master. Nowadays, many groups in China have started to construct it, but there is still no action in Taiwan. Based on the necessity of popularizing education on Buddhist Literature, constructing a “History of Chinese Literature” is a essential and indispensable strategy. The researcher have written an article about ‘a Discussion on Methodology of Construction of “History of Chinese Buddhist Literature” ‘. On this foundation, the researcher want to ‘’retranslate’’ it, on the one hand, by consulting the general
methods of constructing “History of Chinese Literature”, on the other hand, by comparison of the issues of how to draw the materials from different literature categories. Second, this paper discusses Chinese Buddhist literature through ‘theory of categories’ and ‘methodology of construction.’ There are three categories disserted here, including literati’s composition, Buddhist literature, and monks’ composition. The content of “History
of Chinese Buddhist Literature” would be presented only if the categories are determined. Finally, as to methodology, due to the complication of constructing the literary history, only “compiling, editing and discriminating scattered documents and manuscripts, application of philology and bibliography” and “consideration of historical views” are two aspects currently discussed in this paper. However, literary history, the result of a complicated macrosystem dynamics, is the production of multi-power combination. Synchronic reasons and diachronic historical views should be considered within ‘theory of categories’ and ‘methodology’ to construct Buddhist literary history. Therefore, the amplification, compilation and editing of literary works could represent more the turbulent and interrupted process of culture development and form a meaningful well-ordered construction out of disordered chaos.
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Created date2016.06.16
Modified date2016.06.16



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