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Epistemology and Cultivation in Chinese Textual Sources on the Third Pramāṇa
Author Shih, Chao-cheng (著)=釋照澄 (au.)
Source Translating Buddhism Conference
LocationYork, UK [約克, 英國]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
AbstractIt is Quentin Skinner who criticizes textualism and demonstrates that the recovery of the context is
essential to understanding a text. According to Skinner’s historical method, we can investigate the
biography of Tipo (提婆 Aryadeva) in Taisho Tripitaka to understand the general cultural and social
circumstances within which Buddhist philosophers compose their text. ‘A non-Buddhist was a complete
failure in his debate with Tipo. He converts to Buddhism with inward wrath and says to Tipo “you win by
the knife of śūnya, but I’ll win through the real knife.’” Although the end of this story might be thought to
be mythical, we cannot ignore the fact that religious conversion in India was still been an ongoing affair.
We therefore can presuppose that the original form of Buddhist epistemology and logic are constructed to
debate between various Indian systems.
This paper examines the questions pertaining to the transformation of Buddhist epistemology
(Pramāṇa-vāda) on the third pramāṇa (非量 feiliang) in Chinese texts and context. First I should like to
discover whether and in what way the interest and stress in the practice of logic and epistemological
analysis is different between two scholastic traditions. And second, I should like to determine whether
Chinese Buddhism not only preserves but also further develops a Buddhist hermeneutics of reading and
practice. In responding to the first question I expect to explicate how Chinese Buddhism shows itself more
in favour of hermeneutic exegesis than argumentation, and of the implication of cultivation than the
appearance of epistemology. As for the second question, I will illustrate how Chinese scholar-monks
proceed with Gadamer's Concept of ‘Fusion of Horizons’ to concerns with the relationship between
consciousness and pramāṇa.
Created date2016.06.22
Modified date2016.08.23

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