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日本佛教研究的現狀與課題=The State of Field and Several lssues to be Resolved in the Study of Japanese Buddhism
Author 蓑輪顕量 =Minowa, Kenryo
Source 佛光學報=Fo Guang Journal of Buddhist Studies
Volumen.1 新1卷
Pages145 - 167
Publisher Url
Location宜蘭縣, 臺灣 [I-lan hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword論義=debate; 唱導=sermon; 行學=practice; 文獻學=philology; 時代區分=periodization; 佛教學=Buddhist studies; 歷史學=Historical research; 日本思想史=Japanese ideological studies
Abstract 日本的佛教研究受制于歷史因素較多。最初傳入日本的是中國南北朝時的南朝佛教,重視講經與教理學習,因而日本的佛教研究有了偏於教理及思想研究的傳統。至近代初期引進了歐洲以文獻學為基礎的研究方法,更加強了這種學術傾向。

History has placed certain limitations on the study of Japanese Buddhism. Buddhism came to Japan in the sixth century, during the Southern and Northern Dynasties period in China, via the Korean peninsula. It took on characteristics of the Buddhism of the Southern Dynasties, in particular, the practice of preaching about Buddhist sutras, as well as a robust system of doctrinal learning, and these have been the focus of the study of Buddhism for the majority of its history. However, during the Meiji period, Buddhist Studies advanced greatly with the advent of philological methods brought over from Europe.
After the introduction of this style of research, philological studies became the mainstream of Buddhist studies in Japan, however this research tends to focus on ideological or philosophical writings, while neglecting the study of more literary works such as tanka (poetry), as well as classical fiction and other narrative forms. In brief, there are relatively few works focusing on writing influenced by Buddhism. Although there is a deep interest in the makers of Buddhism, as it were, those whom it was made for have been neglected.
Furthermore, there are many handwritten manuscripts that remain from ancient Japan. Although some of these documents have been published with modern typesetting, and thus made into a more accessible format, many have
not yet been made into modern printed editions. In particular, documents recording sermons (shōdo) and debates (rongi), and sermons and debates from the Cloistered Government (insei) period to the Kamakura period are largely unstudied topics. Although there are projects that aim to digitize these documents, these have still not been developed to their full potential.
Another important issue to be rectified is that although there are many researchers outside Japan studying Japanese Buddhism, the results of their research seem to be by and large overlooked by those working inside Japan.
Although there is a lack of consensus on the periodization of Japanese Buddhism, there is nevertheless a tendency to study the Buddhism of medieval and modern eras, while neglecting the study of the ancient and early modern periods.
Finally, although we can broadly divide the study of Buddhism into the categories of (doctrinal or academic) learning, and (religious) practice, the study of how Buddhism has been practiced, particularly how meditation (samatha and vipassanā styles in particular) has been practiced in Japan, has not sufficiently been discussed. This may be a product of the tradition of Japanese Buddhism, but is nevertheless a question the field faces in the future.
Table of contents中文摘要 145
Abstract 146
一、前言 148
二、方法論上的問題──以教理思想為主的文獻學研究 149
三、對西歐學術研究的借鑒 152
四、佛教學研究領域對文學文獻的關注過少 153
五、時代區分以及學界對各時代研究關心之深淺 155
六、對海外的日本佛教研究狀況之掌握過少 158
七、寫本與刊刻資料的問題―─通過與大藏經的對比校勘 159
八、關於佛教徒法會活動之資料 160
九、問題之所在及有效的方法論――以行門為研究對象時 162
十、結論 163
引用書目 165
ISSN24143006 (P)
Created date2016.06.23
Modified date2022.03.04

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