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Realization through Hearing in Chan Literature=禪宗語錄公案中耳根圓通及其應用
Author Venerable Guo Jing (著)=釋果鏡 (au.) ; Kotyk, Jeffrey
Source Journal of Chinese Buddhist Studies=中華佛學學報
Volumev.27
Date2014.07
Pages129 - 179
PublisherChung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies=中華佛學研究所
Publisher Url http://www.chibs.edu.tw/
Location新北市, 臺灣 [New Taipei City, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Language中文=Chinese; 英文=English
Keyword禪宗=Chan school; 禪=Chan; 《楞嚴經》=SuraΥgama Sutra; 耳根圓通=perfect realization based on the auditory faculty; 五家七宗=Five Houses and Seven Schools; 聖嚴法師=Venerable Sheng Yen
Abstract本文以《楞嚴經》卷六中之觀音菩薩的耳根圓通法門為主要研究對象,嘗試探討中國禪宗公案中,如何用耳根以聲塵為所緣境,達到明心見性。並試圖深入了解五家七宗之祖師,如何應用運籌耳根圓通法門,促使學禪者開物見性。禪宗語錄很少提供修行的詳細指導或是漸修的步驟,大多是頓悟的紀錄。本文的假設是開悟是基於多年的修行,特別是禪宗的疑情法門及滋潤;當一位行者處於言語道斷、思維息止的疑團狀態,音聲即可成為一種機緣來打破這統一的狀態,使行者頓然領悟無我的空性。比較《楞嚴經》的耳根圓通法門與禪宗公案中由聽覺而開悟的紀載,可使我們更加了解禪修實踐的步驟和耳根圓通法門對宋朝之後禪宗的持續影響。

This article is primarily concerned with investigating the similarities between Avalokitƞğvara Bodhisattva’s (Guanyin Pusa 觀音菩薩) method (famen 法門) of “perfect or all-pervading realization (yuan tong 圓通 ) based on the auditory faculty” (er gen 耳根; Skt. ğrotra-indriya), as expounded in scroll six of theĞǍraΥgama SǍtra (Lengyan Jing 楞嚴經), and cases of awakening experiences recorded in the gong'an 公案 literature from the Chinese Chan School 禪宗 that involve sound and hearing. Specifically, it examines how, in the ĞǍraΥgama SǍtra, the auditory sense-object (sheng chen 聲塵; Skt. ğabda-viΙaya) is actualized as a perceptual support (suoyuan jing 所緣境; Skt. Ƙlambana) for attaining realization, and how that realization correlates to the Chan notion of “illumining the mind and seeing one's nature” (ming xin jian xing 明心見性). Examples are provided in which Chan masters of the various lineages explicitly implement this method from the ĞǍraΥgama SǍtra to cause Chan adepts to realize awakening (kai wu 開悟) and see their nature. Chan literature seldom provides concrete instructions for practice, or outlines a graduated course of cultivation (jianxiu 漸修)—most often, it only records claims of sudden awakening (dunwu 頓悟). It is, nonetheless, my contention that awakening is concretely grounded in years of cultivation. What is unique in the Chan school is the particular generation of the doubt sensation. When a practitioner is absorbed in this state, in which the conceptual and thinking mind is brought to a halt, sound is used to shatter this unified state so that the practitioner suddenly realizes the nature of emptiness or selflessness. Comparing the method of “perfect realization based on the auditory faculty” with those Chan cases of awakening that involve hearing, we can appreciate the practical dimensions of Chan practice and the continuous impact that the ĞǍraΥgama SǍtra has had on the development of Chan in the post-Song period.
Table of contentsI. Forward 131
II. What is perfect realization based on the auditory faculty? 132
III. The Process of Cultivating the Practice of Perfect Realization based on the Auditory Faculty 136
IV. Application by the Sixth Patriarch Huineng 140
V. Application by the Five Houses and Seven Schools of the Chan School 141
i. Utilizing Sounds 142
1. Drums 142
2. Bells 146
3. Boards 152
4. Bells, Drums and Boards 154
5. Crow of a rooster 155
6. Donkeys 157
7. Sound of jewelry 158
8. Other sounds 159
ii. Application of “Turning Back the Hearing to Hear SelfNature” 163
iii. “Entering the stream, effacing the object” 167
iv. Examples of Modern Application 172
1. Master Xuyun 173
2. Sheng Yen of Dharma Drum Mountain 174
VII. Conclusion 176
ISSN23132000 (P); 23132019 (E)
Hits1570
Created date2016.07.19
Modified date2018.09.04



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