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左翼佛教(Engaged Buddhism):激進佛學、世俗公民社會與現代佛教的政治反省=Engaged Buddhism: Buddhist Radicalism, Civil Society and Political Perspective of Modern Buddhism
Author 劉宇光
Source 世界宗教學刊=Journal of World Religions
Pages1 - 42
Publisher Url
Location嘉義縣, 臺灣 [Chia-i hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword左翼佛教=Engaged Buddhism; 入世佛教=Committed Buddhism; 闘う仏教; 行動する仏教; 社会参加する仏教
Abstract本文<左翼佛教(Engaged Buddhism):激進佛學、世俗公民社會與現代佛教的政治反省>主要是以東南亞佛教的例子,探討左翼佛教的基本特性,文章由三節組成,第一節是“Engaged Buddhism”中譯正名,分別討論(一)法文“engagé”一概念,(二)“Engaged Buddhism”的中譯;第二節是左翼佛教:佛教在現代的「左翼」視野,分別討論(一)「無明」的建制化(Institutionalization),(二)宇宙論的褪色(De-comosologization)與解脱的再定義,(三)世俗化公民社會價值觀的優先性,(四)抵抗世俗版新實體論:國族主義(Nationalism);第二節是問題檢討與評議,分別討論左翼佛教是宗教運動或政治運動(二)左翼佛教與餘論。

The present article is a research of Engaged Buddhism. Its basic nature will be studies according to the radical form of Engaged Buddhism. The article is composed of three sections. The first section is to discuss the Chinese translation of the term "Engaged Buddhism". I try to argue that the concept should primarily be understood in its French rather in English context, since in French cultural-social context "engage" has unique and significant implication that is lacked in its English counterpart. Based on various cases of Engaged Buddhism from South-East Asian, I argue that at least for radical form of "Engaged Buddhism", it is politically oriented. The second section is an analysis of four essential points of view in Engaged Buddhism, namely, (1) institutionalization of Ignorance (avidya); (2) De-cosmosologization of traditional Buddhist doctrine; (3) secularization of Buddhist community and its relation with the Civil Society; and finally (4) Engaged Buddhism's criticism on the modern form of substantialism----political and cultural nationalism. The third section is a further analysis of various problems relevant to the basic nature of Engaged Buddhism. Issues like (i) Whether radical form of Engaged Buddhism is a deviation of traditional Buddhism, which is claimed to be more spiritual oriented; (ii) Whether Buddhist practice should be related to political activity; (iii) Whether political resistance should be counted as one way of religious practice in Buddhist tradition; (iv) Engaged Buddhism's alienation, namely, the formation of Buddhist Nationalism......
etc will be included in the discussion of the last section
Table of contents引言 2
第一節 "Engaged Buddhism"中譯正名 2
(一)法文"engage"一概念的探討 3
(二)"Engaged Buddhism"的中譯 10
第二節 左翼佛教:佛教在現代的“左翼”視野 15
(一)「無明」的建制化(Institutionalization) 16
(二)宇宙論的褪色(De-cosmologicalized)與此世解脫 17
(三)世俗化(Secularization)公民社會的優先性 18
(四)抵抗世俗版的新實體論/國族主義 19
第三節 問題檢討與評議 20
(一)左翼佛教是宗教運動或政治運動? 21
(二)左翼佛教與餘論 28
後記 34

ISSN1728645X (P)
Created date2016.10.24
Modified date2020.04.24

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