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自我宗教的興起:以新時代靈性觀為例=The Rise of Self Religion: The New Age Spirituality in Modern Society
Author 陳家倫 (著)=Chen, Chia-luen (au.)
Source 世界宗教學刊=Journal of World Religions
Pages137 - 170
Publisher Url
Location嘉義縣, 臺灣 [Chia-i hsien, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword自我宗教=Self Religion; 宗教變遷=Religious Changes; 新興宗教運動=New Religious Movement; 新時代運動=New Age Movement

The religion in Western society has experienced tremendous transformations since the 1960s. By reviewing the studies in sociology of religion, this paper shows that Self Religion has become a significant theme in the religious transformations. Many sociologists describe these prominent changes from different aspects. For example, Hammond proposes that the increase of religious autonomy is a significant facet in contemporary American religious transformations. Wuthnow identifies that, since the 1950s, the American religion has changed from a dwelling-oriented spirituality to a seeking-oriented one. Roof reveals that the baby boom generation has been attracted to the subjectivity- centered and multilayered religious beliefs. This paper also discusses related sociological issues, such as the definition of religion, the types of New Religious Movements, Durkheim’s cult of man, and Luckmann’s invisible religion. In general, these studies show the decline of institutional religion and the enhancement of autonomy in individual’s religious affairs. To conclude, I delineate the characteristics of Self Religion, in which New Age spirituality is a central component.
Table of contents壹、導言:新形式靈性追求的興起 138
貳、宗教變遷的方向:自我宗教的湧現 140
一、從「居住地取向」到「追尋取向」 140
二、從集體認同到個人自主性的抬頭 142
三、嬰兒潮世代信仰的變遷:從絕對到多元主義 143
四、小結 145
參、社會學的分析與反省 145
一、對宗教定義的反省:從宗教到靈性 145
二、宗教活動形式的擴充:從教會到崇拜 147
三、社會基礎的轉變:從社群凝聚到人的崇拜(cult of man) 150
四、宗教形式的改變:從制度宗教到隱性宗教(invisible religion) 152
肆、自我宗教的內涵與特徵 156
一、「自我」主題在宗教領域的再現 156
二、宗教實踐:從單一傳統到湊合術(bricolage) 159
三、自我的轉化:從心智到情緒、身體 161
伍、結語:自我主題的再現 163
參考書目 166
ISSN1728645X (P)
Created date2016.12.02
Modified date2017.11.07

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