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Looking into Water-Pots and over a Buddhist Scribe's Shoulder: On the Deposition and the Use of Manuscripts in Early Buddhism
Author Strauch, Ingo
Source Asiatische Studien : Zeitschrift der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Asienkunde=Etudes asiatiques : revue de la Société Suisse d'études asiatiques
Volumev.68 n.3
Pages797 - 830
PublisherSwiss Asia Society=Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft
Publisher Url
LocationZurich, Switzerland [蘇黎世, 瑞士]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
AbstractThe article investigates the modes of use of early Buddhist manuscripts in a monastic environment. Based mainly on the evidence of archaeological and manuscript data from North-West India (Gandhāra) it discusses the circumstances under which manuscripts were produced, used and deposited by early Buddhist communities. In this regard, the article critically evaluates the hy-pothesis of a “ritual burial” of manuscripts in the stūpas of “Greater Gandhāra”. A special paragraph is devoted to the unique birch-bark manuscript of a portion of the Prātimokṣasūtra from the Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī manuscripts. The two sides of the birch-bark contain two different versions of the initial part of the naiḥsārgika pātayantika chapter of the Prātimokṣasūtra. A comparison with known canonical texts shows that these two versions can be associated with two different Prātimokṣasūtra traditions. They are, however, not identical with any of the known versions which are usually attributed to specific Buddhist schools (nikāyas). It therefore seems justified to characterise them as proto-canonical or/and local/regional versions of this fundamental text. The analysis of the language and the contents of the two versions allows cautious conclusions about certain aspects of the role of writing and of manuscripts in the emergence of authoritative canonical texts within Buddhist textual traditions.
Table of contents1 Introduction 790
2 The Bajaur Collection of KharosthT manuscripts and the theory of the "ritual burial of Buddhist manuscripts" 801
3 Gandhäran colophons: places and agents of manuscript production 811
4 The inventory of written texts of Gandhäran Buddhist literature 814
5 The Bajaur Prätimoksasütra fragment and the mode of use of manuscripts 817
6 Summary 825
ISSN00044717 (P); 22355871 (E)
Created date2017.04.17
Modified date2020.05.11

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