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Weaving and Binding: Immigrant Gods and Female Immortals in Ancient Japan
Author Como, Michael
PublisherUniversity of Hawaii Press
Publisher Url
LocationHonolulu, HI, US [檀香山, 夏威夷州, 美國]
Content type書籍=Book
KeywordJapanese religion; Nara period; early Heian period; Buddhism; yin and yang; animal sacrifice; spirit quelling; Japanese islands; sectarian Shinto; buddha
AbstractAmong the most exciting developments in the study of Japanese religion over the past two decades has been the discovery of tens of thousands of ritual vessels, implements, and scapegoat dolls (hitogata) from the Nara (710–784) and early Heian (794–1185) periods. Because inscriptions on many of the items are clearly derived from Chinese rites of spirit pacification, it is now evident that previous scholarship has mischaracterized the role of Buddhism in early Japanese religion. This book argues that both the Japanese royal system and the Japanese Buddhist tradition owe much to continental rituals centered on the manipulation of yin and yang, animal sacrifice, and spirit quelling. The book charts a transformation in the religious culture of the Japanese islands, tracing the transmission and development of fundamental paradigms of religious practice to immigrant lineages and deities from the Korean peninsula. It shows how the ability of immigrant lineages to propitiate hostile deities led to the creation of elaborate networks of temple–shrine complexes that shaped later sectarian Shinto as well as popular understandings of the relationship between the buddhas and the gods of Japan. The examination of a series of ancient Japanese legends of female immortals, weaving maidens, and shamanesses reveals that female deities played a key role in the moving of technologies and ritual practices from peripheral regions in Kyushu and elsewhere into central Japan and the heart of the imperial cult. As a result, some of the most important building blocks of the purportedly native Shinto tradition were shaped by the ancestral cults of immigrant lineages and popular Korean and Chinese religious practices.
Table of contentsFront Matter
Title Pages
Chapter 1 Immigrant Gods on the Road to Jindō
Chapter 2 Karakami and Animal Sacrifice
Chapter 3 Female Rulers and Female Immortals
Chapter 4 The Queen Mother of the West and the Ghosts of the Buddhist Tradition
Chapter 5 Shamanesses, Lavatories, and the Magic of Silk
Chapter 6 Silkworms and Consorts
Chapter 7 Silkworm Cults in the Heavenly Grotto
End Matter
Glossary of Names and Terms
Works Cited
ISBN9780824829575 (print)
Created date2017.04.28
Modified date2017.05.08

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