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從山崎到占婆的功德天女神信仰=The Buddhist Belief of Goddess Lakṣmī in Sanchi Stūpa and Champa
Author 古正美 (著)=Ku, Cheng-mei (au.)
Source 成大歷史學報=Cheng Kung Journal of Historical Studies
Pages1 - 56
Publisher Url
Location臺南市, 臺灣 [Tainan shih, Taiwan]
Content type期刊論文=Journal Article
Keyword山崎大塔=Sanchi Stūpa; 因陀羅跋摩第二=Indravarman II ; 佛教功德天女神=Goddess Lakṣmī; 佛教造像=Buddhist art; 占婆=Campa
Abstract山崎是最早見有功德天女神造像的佛教遺址之一。早期佛經記載功德天女神的信仰,都與其具有滋生草木、使人富饒,甚至救濟眾生的力量有關。但我們注意到,西藏的文獻在提到功德天女神的信仰時,都說其有護持政權及國家的作用。筆者為了說明山崎大塔的功德天女神也具有護持轉輪王及國家的作用,用 9 世紀末期占婆王因陀羅跋摩第二所提唱的功德天女神信仰及造像證明此說。由於山崎及占婆因陀羅跋摩第二所發展的佛教性質及造像,還有被學者誤解的情形,筆者在此文中因此也要花費相當的篇幅談論山崎及占婆的佛教信仰性質及造像。

The Buddhist image of goddess Lakṣmī might have first appeared in the Sanchi Stūpa, for so far she is not seen in any of the earlier Buddhist sites in Asia. She is often regarded as the goddess of wealth or fertility because she is thus depicted in the early Buddhist texts. But we notice that she was also regarded as the protector of Dalai Lamas in the Tibetan tradition,
the kings of ancient Khotan, and King Indravarman II of the Champa kingdom established in the late 9th century in ancient Vietnam. This paper investigates of the Sanchi Stūpa. By mainly investigating the belief of the goddess which was promoted
by Indravarman II in Champa kingdom, we find that the goddess was taken as a protector of the cakravartin, or the builder of the Sanchi Stūpa .
Table of contents壹、早期功德天信仰的文獻和史料 3
一、功德天信仰在佛經及歷史上的記載 3
二、學者的研究問題及我們的研究方向 9
貳、山崎大塔的建造性質及造像特徵 12
一、山崎大塔的釋像問題 12
二、龍樹奠立的支提信仰發展性質及山崎大塔的造像時間 14
三、山崎大塔的地理位置及造像特徵 16
參、 山崎大塔的功德天造像 21
肆、因陀羅跋摩第二的佛教信仰及佛王形象 26
一、學者所瞭解的因陀羅跋摩第二的佛教發展性質及內容 26
二、因陀羅跋摩第二的世間主或佛王形象 28
(一)遷都之事 32
(二)大寺的造像 32
(三)因陀羅跋摩第二時代的銘文 39
伍、因陀羅跋摩第二的功德天女神信仰及造像 41
一、因陀羅跋摩第二的功德天女神信仰及造像 41
二、因陀羅跋摩第二的大寺功用 47
陸、結論 48

ISSN16839749 (P)
Created date2019.07.02
Modified date2022.09.29

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