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「誠」與「不二」 : 儒佛精神哲學的參會=Honesty and Non-Duality: The Philosophy of Mind in Confucianism and Buddhism
Author 樊沁永 =Fan, Qinyong
Source 2018星雲大師人間佛教理論實踐研究
Date2019.06.28
Pages594 - 611
Publisher佛光山人間佛教研究院
Publisher Url http://fgsihb.org/article-info.asp?id=2377
Location高雄市, 臺灣 [Kaohsiung shih, Taiwan]
Content type會議論文=Proceeding Article
Language中文=Chinese
Note1.作者為揚州大學社會發展學院哲學教研室講師
Keyword儒家=Confucianism; 佛教=Buddhism; 誠=honesty; 不二=non-duality; 精神哲學=philosophy of mind
Abstract作為東方哲學的兩個重要分支,中國的儒家和印度傳入中國的佛教,都在精神哲學上提供了對終極性「一」的思考。從「此在」世界的角度看,儒家之「誠」和佛教之「不二」提供了一個充實飽滿的秩序世界,這個秩序的建立整全性地把握了精神本體的絕對性和「此在」的相對性,由此建立「此在」奮進的意義,在有限性中建立了無限的追求的可能。這種追求因為東方內斂的精神走向,極少外顯為對物質的占有和對外在欲望衝突的設定和解決。因此,我們也可以說,儒、佛傳統文化的資源,可以為重新定義人之所以為人的當代人文價值提供綿綿不絕的滋養。這個特質在外向發展的思辨哲學和分別智慧中,只會得到南轅北轍的結果。

Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism are two important Eastern philosophical systems originating from India. The philosophy of mind in both systems provides a notion of ultimate oneness. From the perspective of a Dasein, a being-in-theworld, the world order is enriched and fulfilled by the ideas of honesty (cheng 誠) in Confucianism and non-duality (bu’er 不二) in Buddhism. This world order grasps the nature of both the spiritual noumenon and the relativity of Dasein. Moreover, it shows a progressive meaning of Dasein, wherein a pursuit of the infinite within the finite is possible. With the introverted nature of the East, the expression of material possession and the need to resolve conflicting desires toward external factors are rare in this kind of pursuit. Therefore, the traditions of Confucianism and Buddhism offer endless nourishment for contemporary humanistic values, especially in redefining “what it means for a human to be human.” In contrast, externally focusing on speculative philosophy and discriminative wisdom will result in a polar opposition.
Table of contents引言 596
一、儒學「誠」的精神哲學 596
(一)《周易》奠定的宇宙圖景和本體描述 597
(二)「誠」之精神哲學的展開 599
(三)宋儒「誠」的宇宙論和本體論 601
二、佛學「不二」的精神哲學 602
(一)印度婆羅門教的「不二」傳統 603
(二)印度佛教的不二智慧 605
(三)中國佛教的不二智慧 606
三、儒佛精神哲學的參會 609
四、結論 610
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Created date2019.07.12
Modified date2019.07.23



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